Events listed on this calendar by no means represent all activities going on in FRUA INC chapters, nor are listed events necessarily sponsored by FRUA. To submit your event information for posting on this site, e-mail details to: Education@frua.org. This calendar will be updated monthly by site volunteers so plan plenty of lead time if you have an event you would like posted.
Western / Catholic Easter (Christian) Ethnic Holidays
April 05, 2015, All Day
Easter is a Christian festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament. Easter is the culmination of the Passion of Christ, preceded by Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.
The last week of Lent is called Holy Week, and it contains the days of the Easter Triduum, including Maundy Thursday (also known as Holy Thursday), commemorating the Last Supper and its preceding foot washing, as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. Easter is followed by a fifty-day period called Eastertide, or the Easter Season, ending with Pentecost Sunday.
Easter is a moveable feast, meaning it is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the March equinox. Ecclesiastically, the equinox is reckoned to be on 21 March (although the astronomical equinox occurs on 20 March in most years), and the "Full Moon" is not necessarily on the astronomically correct date. The date of Easter therefore varies from 22 March to 25 April inclusive. Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian calendar, whose 21 March corresponds, during the 21st century, to 3 April in the Gregorian calendar, and in which therefore the celebration of Easter varies between 4 April and 8 May.
Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar. In many languages, the words for "Easter" and "Passover" are identical or very similar. Easter customs vary across the Christian world, and include sunrise services, exclaiming the Paschal greeting, clipping the church and decorating Easter eggs, a symbol of the empty tomb.
Additional customs that have become associated with Easter and are observed by both Christians and some non-Christians include egg hunting, the Easter Bunny, and Easter parades. There are also various traditional Easter foods that vary regionally.
Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the central event of the Christian faith: the resurrection of JesusChrist three days after his death by crucifixion. The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the centerpiece of the Christian faith, according to the Apostle Paul, who even says that if Jesus Christ has not been resurrected then the Christian faith is worthless and futile (1 Cor. 15:14-17). Therefore, without Easter there is no Christianity.
Easter is the oldest Christian holiday and the most important day of the church year. All the Christian movable feasts and the entire liturgical year of worship are arranged around Easter. Easter is preceded by the season of Lent, a 40-day period of fasting and repentence culminating in Holy Week, and followed by a 50-day Easter Season that stretches from Easter to Pentecost.
International Romani (Gypsy) Day Ethnic Holidays
April 08, 2015, All Day
|International Romani Day|
Flag of the Romani people
|Significance||Civil awareness day
|Next time||8 April 2015|
|Related to||Holocaust Memorial Days,International Mother Language Day, Human Rights Day|
The International Romani Day (April 8) is a day to celebrate Romani culture and raise awareness of the issues facing Romani people.
The day was officially declared in 1990 in Serock, Poland, the site of the fourth World Romani Congressof the International Romani Union (IRU), in honour of the first major international meeting of Romani representatives, 7-12 of April 1971 in Chelsfield near London.
The Roma have contributed elements of their rich culture and traditions to European society for centuries. International Roma Day on April 8 is an annual opportunity to celebrate the Roma – Europe’s largest ethnic minority group. It is also a time to reflect on the discrimination and challenges millions of Roma continue to face in their daily lives in areas including education, employment, housing, healthcare and policing. The OSCE works to combat the exclusion and isolation of Roma throughout Europe and also places importance on supporting Roma so they themselves can become agents for change.
Greater efforts are needed to train police officers to properly identify and investigate hate crimes, including against Roma, as well as to sensitize them to the threats and difficulties faced by Roma communities.
Living throughout Europe, Roma and Sinti communities are among the continent's most vulnerable minority groups. Historically marginalized, they suffer widespread abuse and discrimination, often at the hands of the authorities, including the police.
The OSCE - through co-operation between its Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) and Strategic Police Matters Unit (SPMU) - has been taking steps to help put an end to such abuse by building trust and understanding between Roma and Sinti communities and the police forces that serve them.
Twenty experts from law enforcement agencies and Roma civil society met in Warsaw on International Roma Day 2014 to share good practices in policing at the local level. In particular, participants focused on practical applications of the Police and Roma and Sinti: Good Practices in Building Trust and Understanding handbook, which was published by ODIHR and the SPMU in 2010.
In the Action Plan on Improving the Situation of Roma and Sinti in the OSCE Area, adopted in 2003, ODIHR, the SPMU and the Office of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM) are mandated to assist OSCE participating States in developing programmes and confidence-building measures to improve relations and co-operation between Roma and Sinti communities and the police.
In March 2014, OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina supported World Vision to produce the "Face of Roma in Bosnia and Herzegovina" street campaign where Roma people, both adults and children, were asked about their lives, their thoughts, their wishes and their dreams, to raise awareness of the challenges facing Roma on daily basis.
Day of National Unity (Georgia) Ethnic Holidays
April 09, 2015, All Day
Commemoration of the April 9 tragedy 1989(also known as Tbilisi Massacre, Tbilisi tragedy) when on Rustaveli Avenue, inTbilisi an anti-Soviet demonstration was dispersed by the Soviet Army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries.
ეროვნული ერთიანობის დღე
FRUA INC PNW UKRAINIAN EGG DECORATING Regional FRUA INC Events
April 11, 2015, 10:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Orthodox Easter (Christian) Ethnic Holidays
April 12, 2015, All Day
by Borgna Brunner
Easter is not only a movable holiday but a multiple one: in most years Western Christian churches and Eastern Orthodox churches celebrate Easter on different dates. In 2013, for example, Easter was celebrated on March 31 by Western churches and May 5 by Orthodox churches. But in 2014, the two celebrations occur on the same date, April 20.
The theological inconsistency of two Easters has remained a thorny problem for the Christian Church. "It has long been recognized that to celebrate this fundamental aspect of the Christian faith on different dates," states the World Council of Churches, "gives a divided witness and compromises the churches' credibility and effectiveness in bringing the Gospel to the world."
The formula for Easter—"The first Sunday after the first full moon on or after the vernal equinox"—is identical for both Western and Orthodox Easters, but the churches base the dates on different calendars: Western churches use the Gregorian calendar, the standard calendar for much of the world, and Orthodox churches use the older, Julian calendar.
That much is straightforward. But actually calculating these dates involves a bewildering array of ecclesiastical moons and paschal full moons, the astronomical equinox, and the fixed equinox— and that's in addition to the two different calendar systems.
The two churches vary on the definition of the vernal equinox and the full moon. The Eastern Church sets the date of Easter according to the actual, astronomical full moon and the actual equinox as observed along the meridian of Jerusalem, site of the Crucifixion and Resurrection.
The Eastern Orthodox Church also applies the formula so that Easter always falls after Passover, since the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ took place after he entered Jerusalem to celebrate Passover. In the Western Church, Easter sometimes precedes Passover by weeks.
The Western church does not use the actual, or astronomically correct date for the vernal equinox, but a fixed date (March 21). And by full moon it does not mean the astronomical full moon but the "ecclesiastical moon," which is based on tables created by the church. These constructs allow the date of Easter to be calculated in advance rather than determined by actual astronomical observances, which are naturally less predictable.
This division between the Eastern and Western Churches has no strong theological basis, but neither is it simply a technical skirmish. As the World Council of Churches has noted, much of Orthodox Christianity is located in the Middle East, where it has frequently been the minority religion, and in Eastern Europe, where until recently it faced hostility from communist governments.
The emphasis on honoring tradition and maintaining an intact religious identity was therefore crucial. Seen in this context, changing the rules governing its most important religious holiday chisels away at the foundations of an already beleaguered religious heritage.
A meeting organized by the Council of World Churches (in Aleppo, Syria, March 5–10, 1997) proposed a solution thought to be favorable to both East and West: both methods of calculating the equinox and the paschal full moon would be replaced with the most advanced astronomically accurate calculations available, using the meridian of Jerusalem as the point of measure. Since that meeting, however, no further progress has been made and the problem remains.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, a proposal to change Easter to a fixed holiday rather than a movable one has been widely circulated, and in 1963 the Second Vatican Council agreed, provided a consensus could be reached among Christian churches. The second Sunday in April has been suggested as the most likely date.
Russian Orthodox Easter (Paskha)
Paskha is the highest celebration of the Orthodox Church. At midnight the church service starts.
It is a good time for visiting friends and relatives. People greet each other with words "Christ is risen" and "Indeed risen..." and treat each other with brightly colored boiled eggs, a symbol of Easter. The holiday table is served with such specialties as paskha (rich mixture of sweetened curds, butter and raisins) and kulich (Easter sweet bread).
The next holiday is Easter, the Resurrection of Christ. Easter is the main festival of the Christian Church. In the Easter rites, one can easily detect echoes of ancient festivals of cattle breeders and tillers of the soil, who sacrificed the fruits of their labour to the gods. In the Orthodox Church, Easter is always celebrated on a Sunday, the first Sunday after the first full moon following March 21, the spring equinox. People prepared for Easter by adorning their homes, baking kulich cakes, making a paskha out of cottage cheese, and painting as many as hundreds of eggs, which were divided equally between the members of the family. They greeted relatives and friends by kissing them three times and saying “Christ is Risen!” It was a custom of Easter to visit cemeteries and leave painted eggs and a little bread and beer on the graves of dear departed ones.
In Bulgarian Orthodox Church tradition, the Lenten fast begins on Zagovezni, the Sunday six weeks before Easter. For the 46 days of Lent, church members abstain from all animal and fish products and byproducts, that means butter, cheese, milk, and caviar, if you can afford it!
While not a morsel is eaten before Easter Sunday, yeast-raised cakes and buns in animal shapes, and cookie rabbits and flowers are baked during Holy Week. The most important ritual bread is the braided kozunak.
On Easter Sunday, after 46 days of fast and abstinence, a feast of all the prohibited food is laid on the table, with the kozunak, symbolizing the body of Christ, taking center stage. Lamb, representing the Paschal Lamb, is always served.
Superstitions: It is believed if one hears a cuckoo midway during Lent, spring is coming. Likewise, if one has money in his pocket at the sound of the cuckoo, he will be rich in the coming year, but if one has no money or is hungry, then that will likely be how the rest of the year will play out.
New Worlds of Adoption Adoption Related Conferences, Workshops, Seminars
April 17, 2015, 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Ann Masten, Ph.D., University of Minnesota, will highlight research on resilience in development with a focus on transitions to adulthood. Dr. Masten will be joined by three adult adoptees who are now in significant professional positions serving the adoption community:
Katy Andres, Susan Branco Alvarado, Amanda Baden,Kathleen Belanger, Astrid Castro (Dabbeni), Judith Eckerle, Rachel Farr, Chris Langelier, Thomas May, Ruth McRoy, Mentors from the Adoption Mentoring Partnership, Joyce Maguire Pavao, Dawn Post, Deborah Siegel, Kim Stevens, Amy Walkner and Samantha Wilson.
Panel Discussions, Topical Concurrent Sessions, and Posters Displaying Research and Programs. Social Work CEU's & Psychology CE's will be available.
OPEN TO THE PUBLIC | DISABLE ACCESS AVAILABLE
Chernobyl Tragedy Commemorative Day Ethnic Holidays
April 26, 2015, All Day
It's early morning on April 26 in Kiev, Ukraine, where the Chernobyl nuclear disaster happened. On this day in 1986, reactor number four at the plant exploded, setting off a catastrophe that still reverberates far beyond the 30-kilometer exclusion zone.
Demonstrations mark the occasion and its parallel to the still-unfolding disaster at Fukushima. The "liquidators" who were sent in to clean up the radioactive mess at Chernobyl back in 1986 received medals from Russian president Dmitry Medvedev, but controversy still surrounds the health impact of the dangerous work they performed. The so-called "sarcophagus" surrounding the disaster site in Kiev is leaking, and world leaders have pledged "to provide $780 million for the construction of a shelter designed to house the toxic remains for another century." But even if and when that new container is finally in place, the radioactive mess will remain active—and hazardous—for many thousands of years more.
Photo above by Miles O'Brien, who explains: "Scene from the former day care facility in the town of Pripyat — the company town for the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. The gas mask in this shot was there as we found it but I suspect it was placed there by a journalist or activist at some point over the years to make an obvious point even more obvious."
Moment to Moment: Teens Growing Up with FASDs Adoption Related Conferences, Workshops, Seminars
April 30, 2015, 7:00 PM - 9:00 PM
Thursday, April 30, 2015, 7:00 - 9:00 pm
University of Maryland
School of Social Work Auditorium
525 West Redwood Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
Tickets: We were recently sponsored for this event and payment is no longer required. This event is free! Two Social Work CEUs will be offered.
“Moment to Moment: Teens Growing Up With FASDs” explores the lives of four adolescents with FASDs (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) and the effect that prenatal alcohol exposure has had and continues to have on their journeys to finding independence, fulfillment, and understanding the world around them. The hour long movie will be followed by an hour long discussion with the film’s Executive Producer and nationally recognized FASD expert, Dr. Ira Chasnoff. Two Social Work CEUs will be offered.