Events listed on this calendar by no means represent all activities going on in FRUA INC chapters, nor are listed events necessarily sponsored by FRUA. To submit your event information for posting on this site, e-mail details to: Outreach@frua.org. This calendar will be updated monthly by site volunteers so plan plenty of lead time if you have an event you would like posted.
Matica Slovenská Day (Slovakia) Ethnic Holidays
August 04, 2014, All Day
4th of August, Matica Slovenská Day – Matica Slovenská is a main Slovak cultural institution founded in 1863.
Matica Slovenská is a source of information about Slovak literature, arts, and science. Matica Slovenská was liquidated in 1875 by order of the Hungarian authorities because it was felt that Matica Slovenská threatened the patriotic cohesion of the Austro-Hungarian empire. Matica Slovenská was reestablished August 5, 1919 in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Branches were established throughout Slovakia to encourage cultural and educational work. Amateur theatre was an important part of the organization’s work. In 1948, the establishment of the Communist regime discouraged the Matica Slovenská because of a contradiction of communist culture with Slovakian historical traditions.
The existance and toleration of Matica Slovenská within communist Czechoslovakia went through cycles of ideological control and persecution then back to limited functioning as a sort of archival and library source. After the “Prague Spring” of 1968 and 69, the Matica regained much of it’s political and cultural importance.
The ideology of Matica Slovenská took an ultra-conservative bent. They supported a Declaration of Independence of the Slovak Republic in 1992 without bothering to ask the citizens whether or not they wanted independence from Czechoslovakia. The Matica was strongly opposed to integration with the European Union and membership in NATO.
These days, many Slovakians feel that Matica Slovenská does not serve the interests of the Slovak Republic. As a modern nation, Slovakia has its own Ministry of Culture that serves in the preservation and education about Slovak culture.
Matica Slovenská has become more controversial in part due to a lack of financial transparency. Of concern to mainstream Slovaks is the new Matica Slovenská newspaper published in concert with a pro clero-fascist association praising Jozef Tiso. Tiso was the dictator of the Nazi satellite Slovak State who was later convicted and executed for war crimes.
National Language Day (Moldova) Ethnic Holidays
August 31, 2014, All Day
On August 27, 1989, the Popular Front of Moldova organized a mass demonstration in Chişinău, that became known as the Great National Assembly, which pressured the authorities of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to adopt a language law on August 31, 1989 that proclaimed the Moldovan language written in the Latin script to be the state language of the MSSR. Its identity with the Romanian languagewas also established. On June 23, 1990 the Moldovan Parliament established August 31 as a national language day