Events listed on this calendar by no means represent all activities going on in FRUA INC chapters, nor are listed events necessarily sponsored by FRUA. To submit your event information for posting on this site, e-mail details to: Education@frua.org. This calendar will be updated monthly by site volunteers so plan plenty of lead time if you have an event you would like posted.
Eid al-Fitr (Muslim) Ethnic Holidays
July 05, 2016, All Day
Muslims believe that they are commanded by God, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan and pay the Zakat and fitra before offering the Eid prayers.
Albanian language - Fitër Bajrami, Bajrami i madh ("Greater Feast")
Azerbaijan - Ramazan Bayramı, Orucluq Bayramı
Bosnian - Ramazanski bajram ("Ramadan Feast"), Mali Bajram ("Lesser Feast")
Bulgarian - Рамазан Байрам / Ramazan Bayram
Croatian - Ramazanski bajram ("Ramadan Feast")
Kazakh - Ораза айт / Oraza ait
Kyrgyz - Orozo Mayram
Macedonian - Рамазан Бајрам
Montenegrin - Ramazanski Bajram
Russian - Праздник Разговения
Serbian - Рамазански бајрам
Tatar - Ураза байрам / Uraza bayram
Turkmen - Oraza baýramy
Uzbek - Хайит Муборак / Hayitingiz Muborak (Happy Eid)
Eid al-Fitr ("festival of breaking of the fast"), also called Feast of Breaking the Fast, the Sugar Feast, Bayram (Bajram), the Sweet Festival and the Lesser Eid, is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). The religious Eid is a single day and Muslims are not permitted to fast on that day. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. This is a day when Muslims around the world show a common goal of unity. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. However, in most countries, it is generally celebrated on the same day as Saudi Arabia.
Eid al-Fitr has a particular Salat (Islamic prayer) consisting of two Rakats(units) and generally offered in an open field or large hall. It may be performed only in congregation (Jama’at) and, has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying "Allāhu Akbar", literally "God is greatest"), three of them in the beginning of the first raka'ah and three of them just before Ruku' in the second raka'ah in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam. Other Sunni schools usually have twelve Takbirs, seven in the first, and five at the beginning of the second raka'ah. This Eid al-Fitr salat is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, Fard (obligatory), Mustahabb (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandoob (preferable).
Traditionally, it is the day (beginning at sunset) of the first sighting of the crescent moon shortly after sunset. If the moon is not observed immediately after the 29th day of the previous lunar month (either because clouds block its view or because the western sky is still too bright when the moon sets), then it is the following day.
Before the advent of Islam in Arabia, there is mention of festivals as well as some others among the Arabs. The Israelites had festivals as well, but as is evident from the Old Testament and other scriptures, these festivals related more to commemorating certain days of their history.
Eid al-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is observed on the first of the month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims undergo a period of fasting.
According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Madinah after the migration of Muhammad from Mecca.
For Muslims, both the festivals of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are occasions for showing gratitude to God and remembering Him, and are an occasion of entertainment. ‘Aishah narrates that when on an Eid day her father Abu Bakr stopped young girls from singing, Muhammad said: Abu Bakr! [Let them sing]; every nation has an ‘id and [this day] is our Eid.
Eid al-Fitr is celebrated for one, two or three days. Common greetings during this holiday are the Arabic greeting ‘Eid Mubārak ("Blessed Eid") or ‘Eid Sa‘īd ("Happy Eid"). In addition, many countries have their own greetings in the local language – in Turkey, for example, a typical saying might be Bayramınız kutlu olsun or "May your Bayram – Eid – be blessed." Muslims are also encouraged on this day to forgive and forget any differences with others or animosities that may have occurred during the year.
Typically, practicing Muslims wake up early in the morning—always before sunrise— offer Salatul Fajr (the pre-sunrise prayer), and in keeping with the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad clean their teeth with a toothbrush, take a shower before prayers, put on new clothes (or the best available), and apply perfume.
It is forbidden to fast on the Day of Eid. It is customary to acknowledge this with a small sweet breakfast, preferably of date (fruit), before attending a special Eid prayer (known as salaat).
The Eid prayer is performed in congregation in open areas like fields, community centers, etc. or at mosques. No call to prayer is given for this Eid prayer, and it consists of only two units of prayer with an additional six incantations. The Eid prayer is followed by the sermon and then a supplication asking for God's forgiveness, mercy, peace and blessings for all living beings across the world. The sermon also instructs Muslims as to the performance of rituals of Eid, such as the zakat. Listening to the sermon at Eid is not required and is optional, a Sunnah i.e. while the sermon is being delivered. After the prayers, Muslims visit their relatives, friends and acquaintances or hold large communal celebrations in homes, community centers or rented halls.
Eid gifts, known as Eidi, are frequently given at eid to children and immediate relatives.
Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. This has to do with the communal aspects of the fast, which expresses many of the basic values of the Muslim community; e.g., empathy for the poor, charity, worship, steadfastness, patience etc. Fasting is also believed by some scholars to extol fundamental distinctions, lauding the power of the spiritual realm, while acknowledging the subordination of the physical realm. It also teaches a Muslim to stay away from worldly desires and to focus entirely on the Lord and thank Him for his blessings. It is a rejuvenation of the religion and it creates a stronger bond between the Muslim and his Lord. After the end of Ramadan, is a big celebration of Eid.
Coronation of King Mindaugas / Statehood (Lithuania) Ethnic Holidays
July 06, 2016, All Day
Commemorates coronation of the first king, Mindaugas
Mindaugas (or Mindowg in other spelling) (ca. 1203 – fall 1263) was the first known Grand Duke of Lithuania and the only King of Lithuania. Little is known of his origins, early life, or rise to power; he is mentioned in a 1219 treaty as an elder duke, and in 1236 as the leader of all the Lithuanians. The contemporary and modern sources discussing his ascent mention strategic marriages along with banishment or murder of his rivals. He extended his domain into regions southeast of Lithuania proper during the 1230s and 1240s. In 1250 or 1251, during the course of internal power struggles, he was baptised as a Roman Catholic; this action enabled him to establish an alliance with the Livonian Order, a long-standing antagonist of the Lithuanians. During the summer of 1253 he was crowned King of Lithuania, ruling between 300,000 and 400,000 subjects.
While his ten-year reign was marked by various state-building accomplishments, Mindaugas's conflicts with relatives and other dukes continued, and Samogitia (western Lithuania) strongly resisted the alliance's rule. His gains in the southeast were challenged by the Tatars. He broke peace with the Livonian Order in 1261, possibly renouncing Christianity, and was assassinated in 1263 by his nephew Treniota and another rival, Duke Daumantas. His three immediate successors were assassinated as well. The disorder was not resolved until Traidenis gained the title of Grand Duke ca. 1270.
Although his reputation was unsettled during the following centuries and his descendants were not notable, he gained standing during the 19th and 20th centuries. Mindaugas was the only King of Lithuania; while most of the Lithuanian Grand Dukes from Jogaila onward also reigned as Kings of Poland, the titles remained separate. Now generally considered the founder of the Lithuanian state, he is also now credited with stopping the advance of the Tatars towards the Baltic Sea, establishing international recognition of Lithuania, and turning it towards Western civilization. In the 1990s the historian Edvardas Gudavičius published research supporting an exact coronation date – 6 July 1253. This day is now an official national holiday,Statehood Day.
FRUA INC Pacific Northwest Family Camp Regional FRUA INC Events
July 28, 2016 - July 31, 2016, All Day
FRUA INC Pacific Northwest Camp News!
Camp is on for 2016, and today is the day to make your reservation.
The camp will be held on Thursday, July 28th – Sunday, July 31st at Grayland Beach State Park, Washington state (on the Pacific Ocean). Note that this is a three day camp by popular request.
If you want a yurt at next summer’s FRUA INC PNW Family Camp, you will want to pay online via PayPal TODAY to guarantee your spot. FRUA PNW has reserved all the available yurts to offer them to our group. Yurts will go quickly. Last year the yurts sold out in just a few days! Bookings are available on a first-come-first-served basis. Yurts by paying FRUA now:http://www.orgsites.com/wa/frua-inc/_pgg2.php3
If you want an RV or a tent campsite, don’t delay. Reserve campsites now through the state parks reservation system. The main cluster of FRUA campers will be in the Left-side Beach Campground, although there will be FRUA Campers throughout the park. This is a popular park and a popular weekend. You will want to act now to guarantee your spot. Last year the entire park filled up within a month. Reserve now.:https://secure.camis.com/WA/GraylandBeachStatePark
To register for camp, follow these four steps.:
1. Reserve accommodations above or secure off-site accommodations.
2.Send us an email to let us know you are coming to camp.: email@example.com
3.Make sure your FRUA INC membership dues are up-to-date for 2016.:https://frua.memberclicks.net/join-online-or-check
4.Make a donation for camp supplies.: http://www.orgsites.com/wa/frua-inc/_pgg2.php3 (You may skip this step is you reserved a Yurt through FRUA as the fees paid include a $15 camp supplies donation.)
For more information about the camp, visit our website.:http://www.orgsites.com/wa/frua-inc/_pgg2.php3
Hope to see you at camp next summer!