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Day of Teachers and Instructors (Uzbekistan) Ethnic Holidays
October 01, 2016, All Day
Annually on the 1st October in Uzbekistan Day of Teachers and Instructors is solemnly celebrated. The deep respect for the teacher has taken roots in our territory during old times. "Domlo", "Muallim", "Ustoz" - these words during many centuries with gratitude and respect the pupils received from the teachers not only knowledge on subject matters said, but also manuals about the valid attitude to people, love to the Native land, about high morals and spirituality.
Pupils of schools and educational institutions deeply esteem all those who have given them the first vital knowledge. This day pupils with gratitude give flowers and gifts.
Perhaps, we may say that in Uzbekistan this holiday goes beyond the professional day of a teacher.
From time immemorial on the East people always paid a grave devoir to wise aged men, aksakals. Today we call them preceptors, mentors, teachers. This holiday is devoted to those who put their knowledge and skill in us, who helped with advice and life experience.
In Uzbekistan the Teacher's Day is marked as a red-lettered day. Such events as festive performances, parody show, morning performances and concerts are held in schools and universities on the eve of the holiday… A lot of graduates arrange the meetings and greet their teachers on the 1st of October.
"The schools of Uzbekistan soon will take under their wing about 7,000 young teachers beginning their careers," ministry official Faizulla Akhmedov said. "This ... profession enjoys particular honour and respect in Uzbekistan. We say in Uzbekistan, 'Honour your mentor as you do your father.' In Uzbekistan, five teachers' colleges give out bachelor's and master's degrees, and there are almost 10,000 schools operating in the country."
In particular, the country needs to find enthusiastic young teachers to work in remote villages, Akhmedov said.
"Last year I taught my first 4th-grade class," Zarifakhon Mamatkhojayeva, a teacher of early grades at Tashkent School No. 62, said. "I am very happy with my choice of profession. There is nothing better than seeing passion for knowledge in the eyes of grateful pupils."
One of the ministry's principal innovations this year is the programme for improving the acquisition offoreign languages by future teachers (a foreign language will become a compulsory subject in teacher-training departments, hours of instruction for future teachers will increase and study trips abroad will become possible).
"Our aim is that every college graduate should speak a foreign language fluently," Shaivaliyev said.
Shaivaliyev also noted the teacher shortage in the countryside.
"Special pay raises to encourage foreign-language teachers to work in rural locations will come into effect this year," he said. "A teacher who has decided to work in a remote school will be able to earn 30% more than in a town. The state budget has set aside about 30 billion UZS (about $11m) per year for this purpose. Furthermore, we are setting up conditions to enable teachers of other subjects to study foreign languages."
If a teacher agrees to work in the countryside, the government will help him or her move there as part of its effort to aid young rural teachers, he said.
Computer knowledge among teachers is another priority. The government this autumn also intends to hold IT courses for teachers, Shaivaliyev added.
"Teachers in our school have taken special courses in IT," Tashkent schoolteacher Olga Samoilova said. "We have learned how to use multimedia means of teaching and electronic textbooks, and even how to create our own teaching aids."
In addition, special "Rules of Conduct for Teachers and Pupils of Public Schools" took effect with the new school year.
"The rules, produced by the [ministry], regulate pupil-teacher relations," Shaivaliyev said. "They set out their obligations and the extent of their liabilities. Furthermore, for the first time in Uzbek teaching practice, the Rules assign responsibility for pupils' attendance and academic performance to their parents."