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Interesting Facts about armenia



  • The official name of the country is Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն (Hayastani Hanrapetutyun), translated as the Republic of Armenia. 
  • Ethnicity. Armenia was the most ethnically homogeneous republic of the 15 republics that made up the USSR, and the country still has ethnic homogeneity. Ethnic Armenians, or Hay, make up most of the population. Kurds and Russians are the next two largest ethnic groups in the republic. Small numbers of Ukrainians, Assyrians, Greeks, and Georgians also live in Armenia. Azerbaijanis were the largest minority group during the Soviet period, but in the early 1990s nearly the entire Azerbaijani population fled because of ethnic tension. 
  • Geography. Armenia is slightly smaller than Maryland. Contemporary Armenia is a fraction of the size of ancient Armenia. It is a landlocked country strategically located between Europe and Asia. It is in the Transcaucasia region, between the Black and Caspian Seas, bordered on the north and east by Georgia, The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (a de facto independent but unrecognized state of Azerbaijan), Naxicevan (an exclave and autonomous republic of Azerbaijan), and Azerbaijan, and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey. The terrain is mostly mountainous and flat, with fast flowing rivers and few forests but with many trees.
  • Climate. The climate is highland continental with hot summers and cold winters.  It is an area of such subtropical plants as oranges, lemons, olives and other plants.
  • HistoryIn 800 BCE the area became part of the Kingdom of Urartu and in 600 BCE the Kingdom of Armenia was established. Between 95 and 66 BCE the Kingdon of Armenia became a great and powerful nation. In 301 AD Armenia became the first country to adopt Christianity as an official state religion. Armenia became an independent state between 1918 and 1920 but in 1922 it was made part of Soviet Socialist Republic. With the fall of the Soviet Union, Armenia once again became an independent country on September 21, 1991.
  • Etymology. The origin of the name Armenia is unknown, but was used as early as the 6th century. Theories include that the name was from the mountainous region of the Minni (a biblical tribe), from a Bronze Age tribe called Armens, or from the Assyrian place called Armânum.  Armenian tradition says that the name came from the Armenian ancestor Aram, the earliest known king of Urartu. The Armenians call themselves Hayk, name of the legendary forefather of the Armenian people, supposedly a great-great-grandson of Noah.
  • Economy. Agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the Armenian economy and employs almost 45 percent of the country’s population.  Armenia grows fruit (especially grapes) and vegetables. They raise livestock. There are small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, and alumina.
  • Chess. Chess has been played in Armenia since the Early Middle Ages. In the 1960s Soviet Armenian grandmaster Tigran Petrosian became the World Chess Champion. Among countries, Armenia has one of the most chess grandmasters per capita. The Armenian men's chess team won the 1999 European Team Championship, the 2011 World Team Championship and the Chess Olympiad in 2006, 2008, and 2012. The women's team won the 2003 European Championship. As of December 2013, Armenia ranks sixth in the world. Chess lessons have been made part of the curriculum in every public school in Armenia, making it the first country in the world to make chess mandatory in schools.
  • Language. Armenian is an Indo-European language with about 6.7 million speakers mainly in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto, though unrecognised, independent republic in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the South Caucasus. There are also Armenian speakers in many other countries, including Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Turkey, Iran, Cyprus, Poland and Romania.  
  • Government. The Armenian government's stated aim is to build a Western-style parliamentary democracy as the basis of its form of government. According to the Constitution of  Armenia, the President is the head of government and of a multi-party system
  • Music.  Armenian music is a mix of folk music, light pop, and Christian music. Instruments like the duduk, the dhol, the zurna, and the kanun are commonly found in Armenian folk music. One of the oldest types of Armenian music is the Armenian chant which is the most common kind of religious music in Armenia. Many of these chants are ancient in origin, extending to pre-Christian times, Armenian classical music composer Aram Khatchaturian became internationally well known for his music, including the Sabre Dance for the ballet Gayane.





Statistics for armenia


2,974,184 (July 2013 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 73.75 years 
male: 70.1 years 
female: 77.8 years (2013 est.)


Total fertility rate:

1.39 children born/woman (2013 est.)




Armenian Apostolic >93%

Sunni Islam 2%

Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%

Presbyterian <2%

Catholic (Latin rite and Mekhitarist) <2%

Other Christian (Seventh Day Adventist, Jehovah's Witness, other) <1%

Jewish <1%


Ethnic Groups


Armenian 97.9%

Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%

Russian 0.5%

other 0.3% (2001 census)


GDP - per capita (PPP):


$5,900 (2012 est.)



definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 99.6% 
male: 99.7% 
female: 99.5% (2011 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)


total: 12 years 
male: 12 years 
female: 13 years (2010)





adoption statistics from armenia

Armenian heritage of adopting families is not a requirement for inter-country adoption, but is strongly advised. Double digit adoptions to the US have been occurring since 1999, with a high of 46 in 2006








Residency Requirements. Currently, Armenia does not have residency requirements for prospective adoptive parents.


Age of Parents. Adoptive parents must be at least 18 years older than the child they wish to adopt.


Available Children. Before an Armenian child can be adopted internationally, s/he must be on the adoptable list for at least three months, providing Armenians more of a chance to adopt and keep the child within the country and culture.


Numbers of Children Adopted. In 2011, approximately 22 children were adopted from Armenia by U.S. citizens.


Travel required: Yes, for one (if married) but recommended that both travel; approximately 2 weeks. If only parent travels, s/he must be a U.S. citizen.


Hague Convention Country?: Yes


Singles accepted: Yes





We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 









Helpful Links



Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.


Armenian Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

Armenia ( 


US Embassy in Armenia 

Embassy of the Republic of Armenia 

Armenia (Wikipedia)

Armenia (CIA Factbook)

Armenia (Info Please) 

FRUA INC Facebook Page


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)


 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from Armenia on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and








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