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Interesting Facts about azerbaijan
  • The official name of the country is Azərbaycan Respublikası translated as the Republic of Azerbaijan.
  • Ethnicity. The Azerbaijanians are a people of Turkic origin.  Azerbaijani are the major ethnic group of Azerbaijan and also a substantial part of the population of Iran, Georgia,  Russia  (including in Dagestan). 
  • Geography. Azerbaijan is in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. The Caspian Sea's shoreline forms a natural boundary to the east, the Greater Caucasus mountain range to the north, and the extensive flatlands at the country's center. It is about the size of Portugal or the state of Maine. It contains the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, which is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by a strip of Armenian territory, and the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region. Azerbaijan borders Georgia and Russia to the north, Iran to the south, and Armenia to the southwest and west. A small part of Nakhchivan also borders Turkey to the northwest. 
  • History.  The earliest evidence of human settlement in the territory of Azerbaijan dates to the late Stone Age.  Because it was at the crossroads of tribal migration and military campaigns, Azerbaijan underwent a series of invasions and was part of several larger jurisdictions before the beginning of the current era. The history is intertwined with that of Armenia and Persia. Present day Azerbaijan was acquired by Russia from Persia through treaties.  Azerbaijan declared itself independent of the USSR in Aug., 1991.
  • Etymology.The origin of the name Azerbaijan is unknown. It may be from the Old Persian Aturpatakan, from Greek Atropatene, from the Persian satrap Atropates, who ruled there in the time of Alexander the Great. It may be from local azer "fire" + baydjan (Iranian baykan) "guardian," in reference to fire-worship.
  • Sports. Sport in Azerbaijan has ancient roots, and even now, both traditional and modern sports are still practiced. Freestyle wrestling has been traditionally regarded as Azerbaijan's national sport, however today, the most popular sports in Azerbaijan are football and chess.
  • Language. Azerbaijani is a Turkic language spoken by about 31 million people. There are two main varieties of the language. North Azerbaijani is spoken in Azerbaijan by about six million people. It is also spoken in Armenia, Georgia and Russian Dagestan. South Azerbaijani has about 23.5 million speakers in Iran, Turkey, Iraq, Syria and by small groups in Afghanistan. The language is also known as Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkish, or Azerbaijani Turkish. In Iran the Azerbaijani language has always been written with a version of the Arabic script and is know as Azeri Turk.
  • Government. The government of the Republic of Azerbaijan is organized at the base of principles of separation of power. According to the traditional concept of the separation of power, the Constitution determines that the executive power is held by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the legislative power is carried out by the Parliament of the Republic of Azerbaijan - Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the judicial power is held by the independent courts.
  • Culture.   Some of the main elements of the Azerbaijani culture are: music, literature, folk dances and art, cuisine, architecture, and cinematography. The folk arts of Azerbaijan are multi-colored, complete and rich, as its natural resources. The folk art is connected with daily life of people and daily life occupies a very special life in the fine arts as well. Folk arks cover a long period from ancient times to nowadays and including a variety of products from garments to housing goods and decoration.
  • Celebrations. Novruz Bayram is derived from the traditional celebration of the New Year in the ancient Persian religion of Zoroastrianism. Novruz is a family holiday. It is a feast of spring. There are four pre-holiday Wednesdays in Azerbaijan. According to traditional beliefs water is reborn on the first Wednesday, fire on the second, the earth on the third. On the fourth Wednesday the wind opens tree buds and spring begins.
  • Carpets. The Azerbaijani carpet is a traditional handmade textile of various sizes made throughout the country. The patterns are characteristic of Azerbaijan’s many carpet-making regions. In November 2010 the Azerbaijani carpet was proclaimed a Masterpiece of Intangible Heritage by UNESCO. These are fleecy and pileless carpets, decorated with various symbols and signs, are used to decorate the walls and floors of marquees, huts, homes, nomads' tents, and other buildings.





Statistics for azerbaijan


9,590,159 (July 2013 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 71.61 years 
male: 68.65 years 
female: 74.97 years (2013 est.)


Total fertility rate:

1.92 children born/woman (2013 est.)




Muslim 93.4%

     85% Shi'a

     15% Sunni

Russian Orthodox 2.5%

Armenian Orthodox 2.3%

other 1.8% (1995 est.)


     Georgian Orthodox

     Armenian Apostolic

          (in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic)


     Albanian-Udi Church of Caucasian Albania

     Roman Catholic



          Mountain Jews

          Ashkenazi Jews

          Georgian Jews 



note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower


Ethnic Groups


Azeri 90.6%

Dagestani 2.2%

Russian 1.8%

Armenian 1.5%

other 3.9% (1999 census) 
note: almost all Armenians live in the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region


GDP - per capita (PPP):


$10,700 (2012 est.)  



definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 99.8% 
male: 99.9% 
female: 99.7% (2010 census)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)


total: 12 years 
male: 12 years 
female: 12 years (2011)





adoption statistics from azerbaijan

There is no official number of children in Azerbaijan who are waiting for families. Many children are abandoned because of extreme poverty and harsh living conditions.  Many abandoned or orphaned children are raised by family or neighbors, but the majority live in overcrowded orphanages until the age of 15.  Adoptions to the USA began in 2000, with a peak of 61 in 2003.  Since 2007 cautions have been issued due to uncertainties in the process and the lack of referrals and processing of adoptions








Note: While the Azerbaijan adoption program is technically open, in March 2007, the U.S. State Department advised caution in light of "serious and recurring difficulties." At this time the Department of State urges all U.S. citizens thinking of adopting in Azerbaijan to consider very carefully the likely difficulties and continuing uncertainty.  Although adoptions are technically open, a number of U.S. adoption service providers have decided the situation is in too much a state of flux for them to operate comfortably.  There are no guarantees that adoptions will be achieved on a regular basis and in a transparent manner.



Children Adopted: In 2008, U.S. citizens adopted approximately 5 children from Azerbaijan.


Children Available. Children available for adoption include boys and girls between the ages of 6 and 18 months, as well as older and special needs children. These children reside in orphanages.


Travel required: Two trips, both (if married) travel; first trip is approximately one week’s duration; during the second trip (approx. two weeks) the adoption is finalized.


Hague Convention Country?: Yes.


Singles accepted: Yes


Parental Requirements: Azerbaijan has no published age and marital status restrictions.


Visas. Visas are processed in Tbilisi, Georgia.


Post Placement. Post-placement reports are required for up to three years. U.S. citizens are required to register their children adopted from Azerbaijan with the Consulate General of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Los Angeles by submitting an application for consular registration of the adopted child, consular registration form filled-out in the child’s name, 2 child’s passport-sized photo with his/her name on the back of the photo, a Court Decision from Azerbaijan on adoption, child’s Birth Certificate (issued after adoption), passports of both of child’s adoptive parents, State ID cards of both of child’s adoptive parents, “Money Order” or “Cashier’s Check” in the amount of the current fee payable to the “Consulate General of Azerbaijan”. Adoptive parents should inform the Consulate General of the Republic of Azerbaijan of any subsequent changes in their address.

Address: 11766 Wilshire Boulevard,

Suite 1410, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Tel: +(1) 310 444-9101
Fax: +(1) 310 477-4860


We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 









Helpful Links



Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.


Azerbaijan Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)


Adopting a Child from Azerbaijan

Children Adoption Proceedure (Ministry of Education)

Azerbaijan (Info Please) 

Karen's Adoption Links

FRUA INC Facebook Page 


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)



 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from Azerbaijan on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and







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