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some interesting Facts about croatia


Croatia is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.  




Statistics for croatia


4,470,534 (July 2014 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:


total population: 76.41 years 
male: 72.81 years 
female: 80.2 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:


1.45 children born/woman (2014 est.)


Roman Catholic 86.3%

Orthodox 4.4%

Muslim 1.5%

other 1.5%

unspecified 2.5%

not religious or atheist 3.8% (2011 est.)


Ethnic Groups

Croat 90.4%

Serb 4.4%

other 4.4% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma)

unspecified 0.8% (2011 est.)



GDP - per capita (PPP):


$17,800 (2013 est.) 


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 98.9% 
male: 99.5% 
female: 98.3% (2011 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)



total:15 years 
male: 14 years 
female: 15 years (2011)





  • The official name of the country is Republika Hrvatska, translated as the Republic of Croatia.
  • Geography. Located in southeastern Europe, Croatia borders the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. It also has borders with Hungry and Serbia. The landscape is diverse, with fertile plains in the north, low mountains and highlands along the coast.  Croatia's Adriatic Sea coast contains 1246 islands, isles & inlets - only 48 of them are inhabited.  One third of Croatia is covered in forest.
  • History.  Croatia was home to the largest Neanderthal community. Romans ruled the area from about 11 BCE.  The Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century CE and settled in the ruins of the Roman Empire. Aside from this, experts disagree on the origin of the earliest tribes of Croats.  The Kingdom of Croatia was formed in 925 when King Tomislav united Dalmatia and Pannonia into a single kingdom, and became one of the most powerful forces in the Balkans.  The exact geographical extent of Tomislav’s kingdom is controversial. In the latter part of the 11th century Hungary took over the country. 
  • Etymology.  The name of Croatia derives from Medieval Latin Croātia, found in the Branimir inscription, which was derived from the North-West Slavic.  The origin of the name is uncertain, but is thought to be a Gothic or Indo-Aryan name given to a Slavic tribe. It may be related to the Russian word "khrebet" meaning mountain chain, from the Old Church Slavonic Churvatinu "Croat" meaning mountaineer, highlander, or it may be from the Iranian (Sarmatian) name "Horoathos" found in two second-century tablets found at the mouth of the River Don (Tanais).
  • Neckties.  The tie (cravat) oritinated as a part of the uniform of Croatian soldiers during the Thirty Years War.  As part of their uniform, they tied a length of fabric around their necks. The Parisians noted this Croatian custom and adopted it as their own.
  • Dalmation. The Dalmatinac is a famous dog named after the Croatian historical province of Dalmatia, where it was bred in the past.  Actually the breed probably originated in the eastern Mediterranean from where they spread to India and over Europe. Some suggest they did this while travelling with the Romani. There is also a Croatian Sheep Dog
  • Fauna.  There are three protected animals in Croatia: the wolf, the brown bear and the lynx.  The olm is a large predator in the underground caves of the Dinaric karst region.  It can survive ten years without feeding, is about a foot long and lives in total darkness. In Croatia it is called "čovječja ribica", which translates to human fish. Called so because the color of its skin, its eyes that are covered with a layer of skin, and the presence of both gills and lungs.

  • Currency.  The kuna is the currency of Croatia.  Kuna is the word for the marten, and indeed the fur of the marten was a form of currency in the Middle Ages. The coins are called "lipa", which means linden (lime) tree.

  • Slavery.  The Croatian island of Korčula banned slavery in 1214.  The Dubrovnik Republic abolished slave trading in 1416 and became one of the first in Europe to do so.  
  • Truffles. Croatia holds the title for the world's largest white truffle.  The record-holding truffle was discovered by a dog.  The nearly-football-sized truffle weighed 2 lbs, 8 oz. 
  • Politics.  The political system of Croatia is based on the principle of the division of power between the legislative, executive and judicial branches.  Croatians can vote by the age of 16 provided they’re employed. If not, they must wait until the age of 18.
  • Shakespeare.  Illyria was the setting for Shakespeare’s play Twelfth Night Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night.  Illyria was an ancient region of the Western Balkans whose coast covered modern day Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro and Albania.
  • UNESCO Intangible Goods. Croatia, along with Spain, has the highest number of UNESCO Intangible Goods of any European country. These include lace making, gingerbread baking, and wooden toy carvings.
  • Sports. Football (Soccer) is Croatia's most popular sport - followed by basketball, handball and tennis.  Croatians claim that the Croatian waterpolo league is the best in the world.  Picigin is traditional ball game from Croatia that is played on the beach. It is an amateur sport played in shallow water consisting of players keeping a small ball from touching the water.







Croatian law generally restricts intercountry adoptions to Croatian prospective adoptive parents.  Croatia permits foreigners to adopt a Croatian child only under exceptional circumstances, with prior approval of the Ministry of Social Policy and Youth, and when that placement is particularly beneficial for the child.  


In reality almost no Croatian children are available for international adoption. There is a strong tradition of relative adoption, so most children never become available for adoption by any non-relatives, even within their own country. And when a child does become available for non-relative adoption, it is easy to place him/her with a domestic family. There are are more Croatian families seeking to adopt than there are children available.  















Hague Accredited: Yes


Adults between the ages of 21 and 35 years old, who are at least eighteen years older than the adopted child, may adopt a child in Croatia. 

RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS: Prospective adoptive parents do not have to reside in Croatia during the adoption process, but the Center for Social Welfare should be aware when they are and are not in the country.  A Power of Attorney would be required during adoptive parents’ absence so that someone can act legally on their behalf.

TIME FRAME: According to Croatian law, adoptions should be either approved or disapproved within 60 days of receipt of the submission of the completed application to Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. 


Marriage:  Married opposite sex couples as well as unmarried individuals can adopt children in Croatia.  Same sex marriages are not recognized in Croatia and, as such, these couples are not eligible to adopt.




We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 









Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.


Adoption Becomes Easier (Balkan News Agency)

Intercountry Adoption Croatian (Passports USA) 

Croatia Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)



Croatia (Wikipedia)

Croatia (CIA Factbook)

Croatia (Info Please)  

FRUA INC Facebook Page


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)


 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and






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