Interesting Facts about Georgia
- The official name of the country is : საქართველო (Sakartvelo or Sakartvelos Respublika), translated as the Republic of Georgia.
- Ethnicity. A mere 1.5% of the Georgian population are ethnic Russians. Major ethnic groups in Georgia include Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5% (from Azerbaijan), and Armenian 5.7%.
- History. Georgia became a kingdom about 4 B.C. From the 16th century on, the country was the scene of a struggle between Persia and Turkey. In the 18th century, it came under the protection of Russia in exchange for protection from the Turks and Persians. In 1922, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan were annexed by the USSR and formed the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic. Georgia proclaimed its independence from the USSR on April 6, 1991.
- Economy. Under Soviet rule, the country was transformed from an agrarian to a largely industrial, urban society. Modern production includes agriculture, mining, and alcoholic beverages.
- Geography. Georgia is about the size of West Virginia and slightly smaller than South Carolina. It is located in the Caucasus mountains and borders the Black Sea. It borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, and Turkey. To the north and northeast, Georgia borders the Russian republics of Chechnya, Ingushetia, and North Ossetia (all of which began to seek autonomy from Russia in 1992).
- Etymology. Over the past several years, Georgia has been trying to convince a number of countries to call it “Georgia,” even though the Georgian name for the country is Sakart’velo. The exonym Georgia has been explained as being derived from the Greek γεωργός ("tiller of the land"), the name of St. George, or from ancient Persian designations of the Georgians. The native name, Sakartvelo, is derived from the region of Kartli – Iberia of the Classical and Byzantine sources – around which early Georgia was formed.
- Sports. Historically, Georgia has been famous for its physical education; it is known that the Romans were fascinated with Georgians' physical qualities after seeing the training techniques of ancient Iberia. The most popular sports in Georgia include football (soccer), basketball, rugby union, wrestling, judo and weightlifting.
- The breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the north have long been outside of the control of the Georgian government. They have their own de-facto governments, are supported by Russia, and Russian troops are stationed there.
- Languages. Georgian is the primary language of about 3.9 million people in Georgia itself and of another 500,000 in Turkey, Iran, Russia, USA and Europe. "Kivruli" is sometimes considered a separate Jewish language, is spoken by an additional 20,000 in Georgia and 65,000 elsewhere (primarily 60,000 in Israel).
- Government. Georgia is a democratic semi-presidential republic, with the President as the head of state, and Prime Minister as the head of government. Georgia is has a unicameral parliament (there is only one house of parliament).
- Climate. Georgia has a pleasant Mediterranean-type climate due to its latitudinal location along the Black Sea but suffers from earthquakes as a hazard.
- Hospitality. Warm hospitality is a very Georgian trait. Guests are seen as a gift and foreigners are therefore guests of the country. The supra is a large dinner party involving many toasts. The toastmaster, or "tamada", selects people to make long toasts and for special toast. A horn full of wine is passed around the table. Beer is only used to toast the enemy!
- Folk Origins. When God was distributing portions of the world to all the peoples of the Earth, the Georgians were having a party and doing some serious drinking. As a result they arrived late and were told by God that all the land had already been distributed. When they replied that they were late only because they had been lifting their glasses in praise of Him, God was pleased and gave the Georgians that part of Earth he had been reserving for himself.
Statistics for GEORGIA
4,555,911 (July 2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.51 years
male: 74.17 years
female: 81.17 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate:
1.46 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Orthodox Christian (official) 83.9%
none 0.7% (2002 census)
other 2.5% (2002 census)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
$6,000 (2012 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13.2 years (2009)
adoption statistics from georgia
The Republic of Georgia’s international adoption process was overhauled in 2003, but is largely unregulated. Adoptions to the USA steadily grew in numbers since 1992, with a peak of 127 in 2003. Since that time there have only been a few international adoptions.
INTER-COUNTRY adoption of children from georgia
Number Children Adopted: In 2010 , U.S. citizens adopted approximately 2 children from Georgia.
Children Available: Children available for adoption include boys and girls, ages 6 months and older. Children with moderate to severe special needs are available for international placement. The disabilities most commonly found in children waiting for adoption include: Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, Spina bifida, Hydrocephalus, Microcephalus, and cleft lip.
Ethnicity of Children. Children are Caucasian, primarily of Georgian, Russian-Georgian, or Armenian heritage. They vary from blond/blue eyed to darker hair and skin.
Siblings. Not many sibling groups are available but families can opt unrelated children.
Living Conditions of Children. These children reside in orphanages and foster care. Once children are identified for adoption, they are often placed in foster care.
Ages of Parents: At least one parent between the ages of 24-59 years of age.
Travel required: One trip, both parents must travel (if married couple); in-country stay is approx. two weeks; after both parents meet the child, one may leave while the other remains.
Hague Convention Country?: Yes
Singles accepted: Single women may adopt. Single men are considered on case-by-case basis and must be willing to accept a special needs child.
Timeline: Children must remain listed for six months on a registry giving preference to in-country adopters before becoming eligible for adoption by foreigners.
Post-Adoption Reports: The country of Georgia requires 4 post adoption reports written by a Social Worker, and then annual reports written by the family.
We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the Georgian government and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner. Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.
If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, the Joint Council on International Services suggests that families in this situation contact them for guidance.
In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:
- Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report
- Translate report with a Certified Translator.
- Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
- Include 5 pictures
- Suggested Sample form
- Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption.
Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.
Georgia Adoptive Families
Georgia Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)
US Embassy in Georgia
Embassy of the Rupublic of Georgia
Georgia (CIA Factbook)
Georgia (Info Please)
Karen's Adoption Links
InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search
International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians
Child Welfare Gateway
North American Council on Adoptable Children
There are also other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from Bulgaria on Yahoo Groups, Facebook, the EEAC, Adoptive Familes, Adoption Services Support Groups, and Adoption.com