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Interesting Facts about Kazakhstan
  • The official name of the country is Қазақстан Республикасы or Qazaqstan Respwblïkası (Kazakhstan Respublikasi), translated as the Republic of Kazakhstan.
  • EthnicityKazakhstan is an ethnically diverse republic. The major ethnic group is Kazakh, but there are people from more than 130 different nationalities living in the country. 
  • Kazakh Hordes. Tribalism is fading away but it is still common for Kazakhs to ask which tribe they belong to when they meet each other. The three main tribes are: Uli Zuz (The Elder, Senior, or Great Horde), Kişi juz (The Junior, Younger, or Lesser Horde), & Orta juz (The Middle or Central Horde)
  • Size. Kazakhstan is roughly the size of Western Europe, about 4 times the size of Texas, 5 times the size France.
  • History. Kazakhstan history goes back millions of years. In the Bronze Age it was inhabited by Andron and Begazy-Dandybai tribes. In 1470 the sultans Janibek and Girey organized tribes in the southeastern areas and combined them into a single Kazakh tribe, which lasted until 1718 when the khanate broke up and it joined the Russian Empire.
  • Etymology. 'Kazakh' is an ancient Turkic word meaning  "independent; a free spirit". It is used to refer to people of ethnic Kazakh descent, including those living in other countries. The term "Kazakhstani" was coined by the Soviets to describe all citizens of Kazakhstan, including non-Kazakhs. The Persian suffix "-stan" means "land" or "place of", so Kazakhstan means "land of the Kazakhs".  
  • Silk Road. Kazakhstan has been at the crossroads of trade and empires for centuries along the ancient Silk Road.  
  • Economy. After gaining independence from the USSR, Kazakhstan has taken advantage of its rich oil and gas deposits.  It also produces uranium, copper, zinc, livestock, and grain.
  • Sports. The most popular sport is football (soccer). Kazakhstan is outstanding in the world of boxing, both men and women winning many Olympic medals from 2000 through the present day. Hockey is also a popular sport.
  • The Baikonur Cosmodrome is located in the desert steppe of Kazakhstan. It is the world's first and largest space launch facility, boasting the world's first human spaceflight, made by Yuri Gagarin. 
  • Languages. The official language, Kazakh, or Qazaq, is a Turkic language spoken by over 52% of the population. Kazakh employs vowel harmony. Russian is also widely spoken, as are Uzbek, German, & Korean.
  • Kazakh alphabet. Kazakh was first written with the Arabic script during the 19th century. In 1927 Arabic script was banned and the Latin alphabet was imposed. It was replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet in 1940. Recently the government has stated plans to replace the Cyrillic alphabet with the Latin alphabet.
  • Government. Kazakhstan is a constitutional republic with a strong presidency and a market economy.
  • Yurts. A yurt is a round-shaped, bent portable dwelling with a dome used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia as their home. It is one of the oldest (more than 3000 years) inventions of Eurasian nomads. 
  • Shanyrak. Yurts are often repaired or rebuilt, but the crown (Shanyrak) is kept intact, passed from father to son upon the father's death. A family's heritage is measured by the accumulation of stains from decades of smoke passing through it. The Shanyrak is in the center of the coat of arms of Kazakhstan.





Statistics for Kazakhstan


17,736,896 (July 2013 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 69.94 years 
male: 64.66 years 
female: 74.88 years (2013 est.)


Total fertility rate:

2.38 children born/woman (2013 est.)




Muslim 70.2%

Russian Orthodox 23.9%

other Christian 2.3%

Buddhist 0.1%

other religions 0.2%

atheist 2.8%

unspecified 0.5% (2009 Census)

Most Muslims in Kazakhstan belong to the Sunni denomination of Islam. There are more than 3000 religious organizations in Kzakhstan. Although most people in Kazakhstan associate themselves with a certain religion, most of the population is not deeply religious.


Ethnic Groups


Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%

Russian 23.7%

Uzbek 2.8%

Ukrainian 2.1%

Uighur 1.4%

Tatar 1.3%

German 1.1%

other 4.5% (2009 census)

There are more than 100 other ethnic groups living in peace in Kazakhstan.


GDP - per capita (PPP):


$14,100 (2012 est.) 



definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 99.7% 
male: 99.8% 
female: 99.7% (2009 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)


total: 15 years 
male: 15 years 
female: 16 years (2012)





adoption statistics from kazakhstan



Kazakhstan has been one of the most popular countries for adopting children from 8 to 36 months old.  In 1998 it did not appear on the list of the top 20 sending countries to the USA, but in 2005 it was number six. Adoptions were suspended in 2010, although 86 children were adopted from Kazakhstan to the USA in 2011.  Although it officially opened to international adoptions again in 2012, it is again on hold “temporarily”.








The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan informed the U.S. Embassy in Astana on August 9, 2012 that Kazakhstan is suspending intercountry adoptions to the United States, effective immediately. The Department of State is continuing discussions with Kazakhstan as a Hague Adoption Convention partner, and will provide updated information on adoption.state.gov as it becomes available. The Kazakhstanii government says that the ban will continue until Kazakhstan receives a satisfactory explanation from US authorities about the circumstances in which two orphans from the Central Asian state were found in a home for troubled kids in July 2012. Kazakhstan has stopped short of slapping an outright ban on US adoptions.  




The following are 2011 notes on the program: 


Age of Children: Children available for adoption are healthy infants, toddlers, and school-aged children, as well as older and special needs children.


Age of Children: Children represent a variety of ethnicities including Asian, Eurasian, and Caucasian.


More Details about Children: The children reside in orphanages.


Travel required: One trip of 5-7 weeks or two trips - first of approximately 3 weeks, and three weeks later, a second of approximately 2 weeks; if married, both must travel for the first two weeks to identify and meet the child, and one can remain.


Convention Country?: Yes


Singles accepted: Yes


Other: No pre-selection of children is allowed; matching is done in-country.


Post Adoption Registration: Post-adoption registration with the Kazakhstan Embassy in the USA is required and failure of families to comply could affect the future of the program.


Post Placement Reports and Supervision. Post-placement supervision is required for three years. Post adoption reports must be submitted annually until the child turns 18. Adoptive families submit the reports to their agencies for translation. Since late 2005, parents adopting from Kazakhstan agree to allow visitation by Kazakh officials up to twice a year until the child is 18 years old. Kazakhstan Post Placement Report information can be found on the Internet.






We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 









Helpful Links



Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.


FRUA INC Kazakhstan & Belarus Chat 

Kazakhstan Adoptive Families

Kazakhstan Adoptive Family Support Group

Kazakhstan Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

Kazakhstan Adoption.com

25 Factors to Consider When Adopting from Kazakhstan

Building Your Family: Adoption from Kazakhstan

US Embassy in Kazakhstan

Embassy of the Rupublic of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan (Wikipedia)

Kazakhstan (CIA Factbook)

Kazakhstan (Info Please) 

Kazakh Aul of the United States 

FRUA INC Facebook Page

Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)


 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and Adoption.com






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