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some interesting Facts about kosovo


Kosovo is a disputed territory and partially recognised state in Southeastern Europe that declared its independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo. While Serbia recognises the Republic's governance of the territory, it still continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.




Statistics for kosovo


1,870,981 (2015 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:


total population: 70.50 years

Total fertility rate:


2.09 children born/woman (2015)



Serbian Orthodox

Roman Catholic


Ethnic Groups

Albanians - 92%

Serbs - 4%

others (Bosniak, Gorani, Roma, Turk, Ashkali, Egyptian) - 4%  (2008 est.) 


GDP - per capita (PPP):




$8,000 (2014 est.) 


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 91.9% 
male: 96.6% 
female: 87.5% (2007 Census)












  • Geography.  Kosovo is landlocked in the central Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east.  
  • Pristina.  Kosovo's capital and largest city is Pristina. It has a a lively city center with museums and monuments. The
  • Monastery of Gračanica. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is located southeast of Pristina.
  • History. The Dardanian Kingdom, and later the Roman province of Dardania was located in the region. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, then part of the Ottoman Empire, and ultimately becoming part of Yugoslavia. Ethnic tensions between the Albanian and Serb populations resulted in violence.  In 2008 Kosovo declared independence. It has gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by the UN. Serbia refuses to recognise Kosovo as a state.
  • Sports.  Popular sports in Kosovo include football (soccer), basketball, volleyball, handball, wrestling, judo, swimming, boxing, karate, and skiing.  The Olympic committe has recognized the Olympic Committee of Kosovo and allowed Kosovo to compete as an independent nation.
  • Albaniada is a traditional event in Kosovo where the people play traditional games and sports incuding Hats (Kapuça), Measure and Stick (Kut e Kleçkë), Crouch (Guxhas), Ball-on-Horse (top-n-kali), Arm Wrestling (rrëzim i duarve), Bag Hopping (vrapim me thes), Leg Wrestling (rrëzim i këmbëve), Boards (rrasash), Capture the Handkerchief (kapja e shamise), Rope Pull (tërheqja e litarit), Stone Throwing Sideways (gurapesh me dy duar anash), Overhead Stone Throwing (gurapesh prapa), Single-Hand Stone Throwing and Swords (Shpatash).
  • Kullas. Kullas (which means tower in Albanian) are unique traditional stone houses in western Kosovo and northern Albania. Their design originated with the need to defend against blood feuds. Kullas were built in areas that had a large range of view so that families could best defend themselves. They were usually built with three floors, with one room on every floor. The first floor was used to hold the livestock, the second floor was for the family, and the third floor was for guests. These houses can be seen in Isniq, Junik and Dranoc (where you can stay in a kulla overnight).
  • Language.  Most people in Kosovo speak Albanian. Even though most people also understand Serbian, speaking it may result in hostile reactions from the mostly Albanian population. English, German, Italian and Turkish are also spoken. Most people in northern Kosovo are ethnic Serbs, so Serbian is spoken there.
  • Novo Brdo. A huge medieval fortress was built on the top of an extinct volcano cone, the remains of which can be visited. In the outer wall of the fortress, a large cross is visible, built into the stones. The castle dates back to the Byzantine Empire.
  • Food.  Seafood (trout, bass, salmon) is popular and kept in pools where they are fried fresh. Other trraditional foods include burek (baked pastry stuffed with cheese, meat or spinach), Ayran (a sour yogurt drink), kebabs, Fli (a pastry), and bread.
  • Crime. Aside from politically motivated corruption, it has been reported that crime is relatively low in Kosovo.  It was also said that non-political corruption level is low because of the supervision of the EULEX international police. Supposedly it is one of the only countries in Eastern Europe where bribery is virtually unheard of. 
  • Manhole covers. There are many open manholes without covers in Kosovo.  Commonly sold for scrap metal, these holes can be dangerous for the unaware pedestrian. This is particularily an issue in the tall grass beside roads. Local residents place sticks and stones over open sewer pits.  Kosovo melts down siezed firearms to make new manhole covers.










Technically, adopting a child from Kosovo, in terms of documentation, obtaining a decree of adoption or guardianship and a US orphan visa, would be the same as any other country. However finding an orphan with the proper documentation and finding help in doing the proper papework would be a major stumbling block. 


At this point there are no known adoption agencies or facilitators working in Kosovo and there have been no known children adopted from Kosovo to the USA.






Hague Accredited: No


Parental Requirements:  Persons who are not citizens of Kosovo must meet special conditions for adoption that are determined by law, and so fara there are no known cases of Americans meeting these special requirements.  Spouses may adopt with mutual consent with the exception of extraordinary cases. At least one of the spouses must be at least 25 years of age whereas the other spouse can be 21 years of age. Unmarried persons may adopt only if they are at least 21 years of age.


Children available: Because of the lack of documentation of refugee children, the number of children actually available for legal adoption is completely unknown. In case the child is older than 14 years the consent of the child is required.


Timeline: All attempts must be made by the government to locate relatives of refugee child. Since refugee children do not have documents, new ones must be generated. The process could take years in Kosovo.


Post-Adoption:  After the adoption the period of first three months is considered as probation period during which the court will oversee and assess the custodianship.




We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 









Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.




Kosovo Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

State Portal of the Republic of Kosovo

Kosovo Adoption (Adoption.com)

Child Adoption Procedure in Kosovo

Adoption from Kosovo (Passports USA)

SOS Childrens Villages in Kosovo 

Kosovo (Wikipedia)

Kosovo (CIA Factbook)

Kosovo (Info Please)  

Blog About Kosovo

Detailed Info about Embassies of Kosovo

Detailed and accurate information about Kosovo Visa Requirements and procedures

FRUA INC Facebook Page


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)




 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and Adoption.com







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