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Interesting Facts about Kyrgyzstan
  • The official name of Kyrgyzstan is Кыргыз Республикасы, translated as the Kyrgyz Republic
  • Etymology.  There are several theories about the origin of the name Kyrgyz. It may be from the Turkic word for "forty" referring 40 tribes.  It may mean "immortal" or "undefeatable", related to the hero Manas who unified the 40 tribes against the Khitans. The Chinese form of the name means "Field People" or "Field Huns". 

  • HistoryThe earliest people lived in the area 200,000-300,000 years ago. The Kyrgyz people probably came from central Siberia about 200 BCE. The Epic of Manas is a 500,000-line poem survived orally for centuries, tells the story of Manas, a great warrior who united the Kyrgyz people.

  • Flag. The sun represents light, infinite nobility and eternity. The 40 sun rays on the flag of Kyrgyzstan represent the 40 clans of the Kyrgyz that Manas the Noble brought together to fight against their common enemy, the Uyghurs. The red background is said to be the color of Manas.

  • Geography. Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country that is slightly smaller than South Dakota.  It is in Central Asia, west of China. It also borders Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Mountains separate the north from the south parts of the country.

  • Climate.  The climate is continental with cold winters and hot summers. There is variety depending on the altitude.  
  • Population.  The main population of Kyrgyzstan is divided into the indigenous Kyrgyz, the Russians who stayed after the end of the Soviet Union, and a large Uzbek population. The population is young due to young marriages and large family size. Both northern and southern areas are dominated by ethnic Kyrgyz. Chu Valley is closer to Kazakstan and their culture. The souther areas are closer to the Muslim countries. 
  • Bishkek. The capital of Kyrgyzstan has a population of about 1 million. It is in the Chui valley at the northern foot of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too on an inclined plain. Originally there was a fortress there that protected the caravan routes. "Bishkek" means a stick for beating koumiss - the national drink of sour mare's milk. There are museums, theatres, soviet-style architecture and modern monuments honoring traditional Kyrgyz culture.
  • Language. Kyrgyz is a Turkic language which is mutually intelligible with Kazakh. It was first written with Perso-Arabic script, then the Latin alphabet, and in 1940 changed to the Cyrillic alphabet. There is a plan to re-introduce the Latin alphabet, but it has yet to be implemented.
  • Issyk Kul is an endorheic lake in the northern Tian Shan mountains in eastern Kyrgyzstan. It is the tenth largest lake in the world and the second largest salt water lake after the Caspian Sea. The name means "hot lake" because, although it is surrounded by snow-capped peaks, it never freezes.
  • Cuisine. Kyrgyz foods consist of breads, meats, fish, fresh fruit and vegetables, nuts and honey. Mutton is the most popular meat, the fattier the better, and the entire sheep is utilized for something. Horse meat is eaten at celebrations and funerals, the most desirable are young, grass-fed mares.
  • Novruz Bayram, the Islamic New Year, is the most favorite holidays in the country. It is the renewal of nature, which is celebrated on the vernal equinox.



Statistics for Kyrgyzstan



about 5,548,042 (July 2013 est.)


Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 69.75 years 
male: 65.58 years 
female: 74.21 years (2013 est.)


Total fertility rate:


2.71 children born/woman (2013 est.)


Kyrgyz 64.9%

Uzbek 13.8%

Russian 12.5%

Dungan 1.1%

Ukrainian 1%

Uighur 1%

other 5.7% (1999 census)



Muslim 75%

Russian Orthodox 20%

other 5%


GDP - per capita (PPP):


$2,400 (2012 est.) 


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 99.2% 
male: 99.5% 
female: 99% (2009 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 12 years 
male: 12 years 
female: 13 years (2011)





Adoption Facts about Kyrgyzstan




As of October 2008, the Kyrgyz government halted all international adoptions due to allegations of corruption and illegal processing. As of May 2014, Kyrgyzstan announced the re-opening of it's intercountry Adoption Program. 








Ages of children: At the time of referral a child can be as young as 12 months of age. Children 24 months to 15 years are available. Most children available and waiting are over the age of 5 years. Families desiring to adopt children from age 12 to 36 months should expect to wait an extended amount of time compared to families adopting children over the age of 36 months. 


Hague Convention country:  No. However because the USA has ratified the UAA all US agencies must follow Hague standards.


Timeline: Unknown at this time but it is said to be expected that process may take under 12 months from the time you are registered in the country.


Ethnicity of Children: The children available for adoption are of Kyrgyz, Russian, and/or Asian descent. Families are not permitted to request ethnic descent or skin color when requesting a child. 


Siblings: Sibling groups are available.


Singles:  Applicants can be single or married. Two people who are not married to each other cannot adopt a child together. Kyrgyz law prevents homosexual individuals or couples from adoption.  Single parents may be required to present a sworn statement that they are not homosexual.


Parent Qualifications:  While there is no specific maximum age, prospective parents can be no less than 16 years older than the child(ren) at the time of adoption. Under Kyrgyz law, prospective adoptive parents must be at least 18 years old.


Cost: Fees are $21,500 and Travel and other expenses $16,500.


Health of Children: Children who are healthy or have special needs are available for adoption. Due to institutionalization, children who are considered healthy may have health-related concerns. Families are encouraged to arrange consultation with a medical adoption specialist when they receive a referral. Special needs range from minor, medically correctable special needs, to moderate and severe special needs. 


Travel: Three trips are required. Travel will include going to the region of the prospective adopted child.  Both parents must travel for the first trip. The first trip will be approximately 1 1/2 or 2 weeks in duration and include a 7-10 day bonding period during which both parents must be present. The prospective parents will reside with the child for a minimum of one week at the child’s habitual place of residence in the Kyrgyzstan. During this pre-adoption bonding period, a psychologist from the Ministry of Education monitors the interaction between the prospective adoptive parent(s) and the child, and reports to the Ministry of Education. Only one parent is required to travel for the second and third trip. The second trip will be for Court and will be a relatively short trip. On the third trip, families receive the child and will travel to Almaty, Kazakhstan to work with the U.S. Consulate to process the child(ren)’s visa.   


Post Placement Reports and Supervision: Kyrgyzstan requires the submission of four post-adoption reports: six months after the adoption, and at one, two, and three years after the adoption. The Kyrgyzstan government requires post placement reports twice a year until the child is fourteen years old. Adoptive families must submit their reports through their adoption agencies to be forwarded to the Kyrgyz Ministry of Education. 



Kyrgyzstan’s Adoption Authority
Ministry of Education
Department for Extracurricular Education and Protection of Children’s Rights (DEEPCR)
257 Tynystanova Street
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 



We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 






Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.



Adoptive Family Stories - Kyrgyzstan


Kyrgyzstan Adoption (

Kyrgyzstan (Wikipedia)

Kyrgyzstan Country Profile

Kyrgyzstan (CIA Factbook)

Kyrgyzstan (Info Please)

US Embassy in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan Embassy in Washington DC

25 Factors to Consider When Adopting from Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan Adoption Group (Yahoo)

International Adoption Family Sites - Kyrgyzstan 

Kyrgyzstan Adoptions (U.S. Department of State) 

FRUA INC Facebook Page


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)


 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and







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