lithuania

 


Interesting Facts about lithuania
  • The official name of Lithuania is Lietuvos Respublika (translated as the Republic of Lithuania).
  • Etymology.  Lithuania’s name was first mentioned as "Lituae" (the genitive form of the Latin word Litua) in 1009. According to the most widely accepted hypothesis, the name of Lithuania originated from the verb lieti (to pour). The name of Lithuania may be related to the small river Letauka or Lietauka. Or it may be related to the German word leiten (to lead, to conduct), originally meaning “warrior band,” 

  • History.  The first settlers of Lithuania arrived about 12,000 BCE. In 3,000–2,500 B. C., the Indo-European Balts came to live here. Between the 5th and 8th centuries tribal groupings formed in the western territories: Prussians, Yotvingians, Curronians, Zemgalians, Lithuanians and Latgallians. . 

  • Geography. Lithuania is about the size of West Virginia. Lithuania's border countries are: Belarus, Latvia, Poland, and Russia (Kaliningrad)
  • Climate. The climate in Lithuania is temperate continental. Typically there are several very hot weeks in the summer and one or two very cold weeks in winter.  
  • Language. Lithuanian is a Baltic language related to Latvian and Old Prussian with about 3.2 million speakers in Lithuania. There are also Lithuanian speakers in Poland, the USA, Brazil, Argentina, Canada, the UK and Uruguay.  
  • Government.  Since Lithuania declared the restoration of its independence on 11 March 1990, it has maintained strong democratic traditions. 
  • Vilnius. Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania, and its largest city, with a population of 537,152 as of 2013. It is located in the southeast part of the country and is the second biggest city of the Baltic states. Old town in the city is known for its beautiful architecture.
  • Cuisine.  Lithuanian cuisine features foods suited to the cool and moist climate: barley, potatoes, rye, beets, greens, berries, mushrooms, and dairy products. It is similar to Scandinavian cuisine but with its own features. There are similar Lithuanian, Litvak, and Polish versions of dumplings (koldūnai, kreplach or pierogi), doughnuts spurgos or (pączki ), and blynai crepes (blintzes). German traditions also influenced Lithuanian cuisine, introducing pork and potato dishes. The most exotic of all the influences is Eastern (Karaite) cuisine.
  • Karaism.  With only 290 adherents the Karaite faith is the smallest of the tradional religions in Lithuania. Considered by Jews to be a type of Judaism, the Lithuanian Karaism distanced itself from the Jewish religion over the centuries. Even the Nazis had a separate policy on the Karaites and this saved the community from the persecutions which the Jews had to face.
  • Sports.  Basketball is the national sport of Lithuania. The Lithuania national basketball team has had significant success in international basketball events. Having won a total of 10 medals in the EuroBasket, the World Championships and the Olympic Games, formerly Lithuania was even ranked 3rd worldwide in FIBA Rankings (now 4th). Lithuania has produced a number of NBA players. 
  • Neringa is a unique natural phenomenon. These wandering dunes were shaped for over 5000 years as the waves and

    winds of the Baltic Sea drifted the sands and eventually shaped the Curonian Spit, dividing sea and the Curonian bay. This place is a protected national park and UNESCO site.

 

 

 

Statistics for lithuania

 

Population:

3,515,858 (July 2013 est.)

 

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 75.77 years 
male: 70.96 years 
female: 80.84 years (2013 est.)

 

Total fertility rate:

 

1.28 children born/woman (2013 est.)

Ethnicity:

Lithuanian 84%

Polish 6.1%

Russian 4.9%

Belarusian 1.1%

other or unspecified 3.9% (2009)

 

Religions:

Roman Catholic 79%

Russian Orthodox 4.1%

Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%

other or unspecified 5.5%

none 9.5% (2001 census)

 

GDP - per capita (PPP):

 

$22,000 (2012 est.) 

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 99.7% 
male: 99.7% 
female: 99.7% (2011 est.)

 

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

 

total: 16 years 
male: 15 years 
female: 16 years (2011)

 

 

 

 

 
Adoption Facts about lithuania

 

 

 

In Lithuania there are 105 institutions for the care of children, 41 percent of these institutions have more than 60 children. Lithuania has the highest number of orphaned children in Northern-Europe. Lithuania has been moving towards a foster care or children’s village system.  At present there are more than 300 children living in this system, where they stay until they are 18 years old.

 

 

 

 

 

INTER-COUNTRY Adoption PROGRAM in Lithuania 

 

Inter-institutional Commission An adoption order was handed down on the 29th of May 2009, creating a new inter-institutional commission. According to the Ivaikinimas tarnyba, "if competent services do not find a family in the Republic of Lithuania for a child in 6 months since the inclusion of a child into the list of adoptable children, State Child Rights Protection and Adoption Service organizes the meeting of inter-institutional commission to make recommendation regarding international adoption. International adoption procedure can not be initiated without the recommendation of the commission" It is predicted that the inclusion of this new committee in the process will significantly slow down determinations of eligibility for intercountry adoption.

Children Available: Beginning April 1, 2012 Foreigners may only apply to the Central Authority for adoption of children with special needs, unless one of the applicants is a Lithuanian citizen. Special needs are defined by moderate to sever physical, medical, mental or behavioral issues, or a combination of mild to moderate issues, or sibling groups of 3 or more children. Children available for adoption include healthy and special needs boys, girls, and siblings, ages 1-15. These children reside in orphanages. 
Single Parents: No. Only married couples may apply for adoption from Lithuania.

Ethnicity of Parents. The Lithuania adoption program gives preference to applicants of proven Lithuanian descent.

Numbers of Adopitons. In 2011, U.S. citizens adopted approximately twenty children from Lithuania.

Timeline.  Parents can anticipate a wait up to four years for the referral of a healthy younger child. There is a 40-day waiting period from the time an adoption petition is granted by the judge and when it becomes final. This waiting period can be waived by the judge.

Travel required: Yes, two trips, approximately 10 and 17 days respectively, six weeks apart; escorts are not permitted.

Hague Convention Country?: Yes

Other:  Visa processing is done through Vilnius, Lithuania.

Post-Placement: Post-placement follow-up required for three years, at 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, 2 years, and 3 years post placement.

 

We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the Lithuanian government and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  

 

If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, you may contact Ivaikinimo Tarnyba for guidance at the following (both women speak fluent English):

 

Jovita Tarvydienė, Head of the Division Office
Kristina Liublinskienė, Chief Specialist
Tel.: +370 5 243 1163, +370 5 213 7992
E-mails: jovita.tarvydiene@vaikoteises.lt , kristina.liublinskiene@vaikoteises.lt

 

In general families may use the follwoing procedure:

 

1. Use a licensed social worker to file the report
2. Use the form "Report of the child’s adaptation in his/her adoptive family" found at the Ivaikinimo website: http://www.vaikoteises.lt/en/adoption/reciprocal_information/
2. The report may be filed in English and does not require apostille
3. Families are encouraged to include photographs and videos
4. Send the report to:
     Odeta Tarvydiene
    A. Vivulskio str. 13,
    LT-03221 Vilnius Lithuania 

 

 

Helpful Links

 

Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.

 

FRUA INC Lithuania Chat 

Lithuania Adoptive Parent Association

Lithuanian Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

Lithuania Adoption.com

Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

Pre-Adoption Process & Paperwork

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform) 

Lithuania (Wikipedia)

Lithuania (CIA Factbook)

Lithuania (Info Please) 

Lithuanian Embassy

US Embassy in Lithuania

Lithuanian American Council (LAC)

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

 

 There are also other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from LIthuana Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and Adoption.com

 

 

  

 

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