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some interesting Facts about macedonia


Macedonia is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It had been part of Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. 


Statistics for macedonia


2,091,719 (July 2014 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:


total population: 75.8 years 
male: 73.23 years 
female: 78.56 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:


1.59 children born/woman (2014 est.)


Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%

Muslim 33.3%

other Christian 0.37%

other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census)


Ethnic Groups

Macedonian 64.2%

Albanian 25.2%

Turkish 3.9%

Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%

Serb 1.8%

other 2.2% (2002 census)



GDP - per capita (PPP):


$10,800 (2013 est.) 


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 97.4% 
male: 98.7% 
female: 96% (2011 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)



total: 13 years 
male: 13 years 
female: 13 years (2010)






  • The official name of the country Република Македонија (Republika Makedonija), translated as the Republic of Macedonia. Because of a dispute with Greece over use of the name Macedonia, it is known in official circles as Поранешна Југословенска Република Македонија (Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija), translated as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia or FYROM.
  • Geography. Macedonia is a landlocked country.  It is bordered by Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. The country is clearly defined by a central valley formed by the Vardar river and framed along its borders by mountain ranges. The terrain is mostly rugged, located between the Šar Mountains and Osogovo, which frame the valley of the Vardar river.
  • Conflict with Greece. The Republic of Macedonia constitutes approximately the northwestern third of the geographical region of Macedonia, which also comprises the neighboring parts of northern Greece and a smaller portion in southwestern Bulgaria. In the south, the Republic of Macedonia borders the region of Greek Macedonia. Greece's concerns are related to the ambiguity between the Republic of Macedonia, the Greek region of Macedonia and the ancient kingdom of Macedon which falls within Greek Macedonia. Greece opposes the use of the name Macedonia by the Republic of Macedonia without a geographical qualifier (such as "Northern Macedonia"). Millions of ethnic Greeks identify themselves as Macedonians, unrelated to the Slavic people who are associated with the Republic of Macedonia.  Greece also objects to the use of the term Macedonian when applied to the largest ethnic group in the Republic of Macedonia, and Greece accuses the Republic of Macedonia of using symbols that are part of Greece's culture.
  • Capital. The country's capital is Skopje.  The city was founded The city founded by the Paeonians in the 3rd century BCE as Scupi.  It is lovated in a very strategic location, in a long valley between two hills on the banks of the Vardar River, which was a vital trade route.  Because of the myriad of influences in the history of the city there are many Byzantine churches and monasteries, ancient Roman aqueducts, and a large number of Ottoman mosques and other buildings.
  • Etymology. The country's name is very ancient.  There are three possible theories about the origin of the name Macedonia.  In Greek mythology Macedon was the name for the head of the Dorian tribe that settled the region. The second theory is that it came from the Greek adjective μακεδνός (makednós) meaning high, tall, or taper, from the noun μάκρος (mákros), meaning length in both Greek and Macedonian. similar to the same Doric word meaning great or heavy. The third theory is that  the name means people of the uplands in the old Macedonian language (μακι κεδόνες = maki-kedónes or high place).  Based on the Greek word Makednos, that would refer to the high mountains of the area.  The original Greek name for the area was Μακεδονίa (Makedonía), kingdom named after the ancient Macedonians. The name was originally believed to have meant either highlanders or the tall ones.
  • History.  Neolithic civiliations have inhabited the area as far back as 7000 BCE.  In ancient times the area that is now Macedonia was inhabited by the Thracians, Dardani, Enchelae, Pelagones, and Lyncestae. In 356 BCE Philip II of Macedon absorbed most of the region into the kingdom of Macedon. Philip's son Alexander the Great conquered most of the rest of the region. The Romans established the Province of Macedonia in 146 BCE. Later Slavic, Bulgar, Norman, Bulgarian, Serbian peoples settled in and/or conquered the region. Gradually, all of the central Balkans were conquered by the Ottoman Empire and remained under its domination for five centuries.
  • Lake Ohrid. Lake Ohrid is considered to be one of the oldest lakes and biotopes in the world, the oldest in Europe. It was formed between 4 and 10 million years ago.
  • Religion.  The major religion is Eastern Orthodoxy, however Macedonia has the 5th highest porportion of Muslims in Europe.   

    Most Muslims are Albanians, Turks, or Romani, although few are Macedonian Muslims. There is a tension between the Macedonian and Serbian Orthodox Churches which arose from the former's separation in 1967. 

  • Food.  Macedonian cuisine is a combination of Mediterranean, Greek, Middle Eastern, Turkish, Italian, German, and Hungarian food. The warm climate is a good for vegetables (tomato, carrots, lettuce, parsley, onions, garlic), herbs and fruits (watermelon, melon, cherries, apricots, grapes, peaches).  Traditional foods and drink include Šopska salad (tomatoes, white brine cheese, cucumbers & bell pepper), dairy products (kashkaval-yellow cheese, syrine - white brine cheese, yogurt), wines, beer, rakija (type of brandy), Tavče Gravče (beans in a skillet), Tarator (yogurt & cucumber cold soup), ajvar (red pepper relish), and mastika (liquer made of the resin of the mastik tree).
  • Sports.  The most popular sports in Macedonia include football (soccer), handball, basketball, swimming, and skiing.













Adoptions from Macedonia are rare.  No adoptions by U.S. citizen parents have taken place since 2007.






Hague Accredited: Yes


Maritial Requirements: Parents may be either married or single. However, preference is given to married couples. 


Age Requirements: Adoptive parents must be at least 18 years older than their adoptive children, but no more than 45 years older.  In exceptional circumstances, persons older than 45 may be permitted to adopt, but the age difference between the parent and child may not exceed 45 years. When it comes to the age difference, the age of the younger parent is taken into account.  Note:  Under U.S. law, at least one parent must be 25 years old.


RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS: There are no residency requirements to complete an intercountry adoption in Macedonia .  However, there is a fostering period of 2 to 3 months prior to the final adoption of the child, where the prospective adoptive parents are required to live with the child in Macedonia , before the final approval for adoption is given to the parents.


TIME FRAME:  The adoption process may take varying amounts of time, depending on availability of children and the number of requests for adoption.   The number of children available for adoption is usually much lower than the number of requests for adoption.  In Macedonia , domestic adoptions have priority over international adoptions.






We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 








Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.



Adoption from Macedonia (Passports USA)

Direct or Private Adoptions from Macedonia (US Embassy in Macedonia)

Children in Institutions in Macedonia

Macedonian Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

Macedonia (Wikipedia)

Macedonia (CIA Factbook)

Macedonia (Info Please) 

FRUA INC Facebook Page




Karen's Adoption Links


InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search


International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians


Child Welfare Gateway


North American Council on Adoptable Children


Hague Accreditation and Approval


Post Adoption (US Department of State)


Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)


PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)




 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and








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