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some interesting Facts about montenegro


Montenegro is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.  




Statistics for montenegro


650,036 (July 2014 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:


 total population: 74.76 years  (est. 2013)

male:  72.47 years

female:  77.16 years

Total fertility rate:


 The value for Fertility rate, total (births per woman) in Montenegro was 1.67 as of 2013. 


Orthodox 72.1%

Muslim 19.1%

Catholic 3.4%

atheist 1.2%

other 1.5%

unspecified 2.6% (2011 est.)



Ethnic Groups

Montenegrin 45%

Serbian 28.7%

Bosniak 8.7%

Albanian 4.9%

Muslim 3.3%

Roma 1%

Croat 1%

other 2.6%

unspecified 4.9% (2011 est.) 



GDP - per capita (PPP):


 $14,318.36 (2013)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 
97.6% (2011 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)



total: 15 years 

female:  1






  • The official name of the country is the Republic of Montenegro.  However in Montenegro it is Црна Гора (Crna Gora).
  • Etymology. Montenegro comes from the Venetian meaning black mountain.  This came from the time when Venice ruled the area.  The name of the country in its native language is Crna Gora, which also means black mountain.  The reference to a black mountain comes from the abundance of mountains in the region.

  • Language.  According to the Montenegro Constitution the Serbian language of the jekavian dialect (Serbo-Croatian) is the official language. However prominent Montenegrins argue that this if the Serbs call their language Serbian, the Croats - Croatian, the Bosnians - Bosnian, that Montenegro should call their languate Montenegrin.  Montenegro's ruling coalition is trying to declare Montenegrin the official language of the state.  Cyrillic and Latin alphabets are used equally. In areas where the population is mostly national or ethnic minorities their respective languages and alphabet are used.

  • Geography.  Montenegro is bordered on the southwest by the Adriatic Sea, on the west by Croatia, on the northwest by Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the northeast by Serbia, and on the southeast by Albania to the southeast. There are high mountains next to Serbia, Kosovo and Albania.  The coast consists of a narrow plain ending in the north at Mount Lovćen and Mount Orjen.
  • Capital.  The capital and largest city is Podgorica. It is situated in the  center of the country.  The city is known for it's green spaces - within the city there are many parks, mountains, trails, sports areas "hidden" in the trees, rivers, waterfalls, gardens, beaches, eco-resorts, and ponds.  Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City.  It has spectacular views, mountains, museums, churches and monestaries.
  • History. Prehistorically, the Docleatae lived in the maritime region. In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In the 1920s it became part of Yugoslavia.  After the dissolution of Socialist Yugoslavia in 1992, Montenegro remained part of a smaller Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, along with Serbia.  In 2003, the Yugoslav federation was replaced by a state union named Serbia and Montenegro.  Montenegro became independent from Serbia in 2006.
  • Dance, Folklore, Music.  The traditional folk dance of the Montenegrins is the Oro, a circle dance that involves dancers standing on each other's shoulders in a circle while one or two dancers are dancing in the middle. Folk songs are patriotic - songs of pride, sorrow, and joy, reflecting the tumultuous history of Montenegro.
  • Culture and Traditions.  A very important dimension of Montenegrin culture is the ethical ideal of Čojstvo i Junaštvo, "Humaneness and Gallantry". There is no hurry.  Tranquility and peacefulness are the norm, even though Montenegrins have a strong warrior traditon.  Many people still wear their most prized possession, thier revolver, in their kolan (belt).   

  • Sports.  The most popular sports in Montenegro are football (soccer), basketball, water polo, volleyball, handball, boxing, judo, karate, athletics, table tennis, hiking, and chess.  All forms of watersports are popular at the coast.
  • Food.  The cuisine of Montenegro is influenced by Italy, Turkey, Greece, and Hungary.  It varies geographically. The coastal area is very Mediterranean, with a lot of seafood.  The northern areas are very influenced by Oriental cuisine.
  • Movies.  Part of the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale is set in Montenegro, although all of the filming was done in the Czech Republic.  The first scenes of The November Man with Pierce Brosnan are filmed in Montenegro. The Dark Side of the Sun stars a young Brad Pitt, was filmed in Montenegro and directed by Montenegrin director Božidar Nikolić.













Intercountry adoptions from Montenegro are extremely rare; fewer than five adoptions by U.S. citizen parents have taken place in the last decade. Montenegro places a priority on domestic adoption.


The United States recognized Montenegro as an independent state on June 12, 2006.  Most information is based primarily on current Serbian law for intercountry adoption. 



Hague Accredited: Yes


Available Children: Generally, only children with special needs are available for inter-country adoption. Prospective adoptive parents should be aware that most children in orphanages or foster care are not adoptable, and that the only way to be matched with a child is to submit an application to be found eligible to adopt with the Montenegro Central Authority (MCA) and wait for the MCA to identify a child eligible for intercountry adoption. 


Parent Ages: Montenegrin adoption law requires at least one of the prospective adoptive parents to be between 30 and 60 years of age. 


Family Marital StatusProspective parents must have been married for at least three years when beginning the adoption process.  Unmarried persons and same-sex couples are not permitted to adopt.

Health of Parents: Prospective adoptive parents will be disqualified from adopting they have been diagnosed with are mental disorders infectious diseases.  Adoptive parents with other serious health conditions must demonstrate to the Ministry of Social Affairs their ability to raise the child.

RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS: There are no residency requirements for adoption.  However, current law gives priority to prospective parents who are of Montenegrin origin.

 The length of the adoption process varies greatly.  If prospective adoptive parents have located a child prior to their arrival to Montenegro, the whole process may be finished within four weeks.
ADOPTION PROCEDURES:  Adoptive parents must first contact Ministry of Social Affairs of Montenegro.  They must then submit the required documentation.  If determined eligible by the Ministry of Social Affairs, prospective adoptive parents will be instructed to contact the appropriate local authority.  Each municipality in Montenegro has its own authority called Center for Social Work (Centar za socijalni rad) which is part of the Ministry of Social Affairs.  The Ministry will guide prospective parents to a local authority depending on the number of children awaiting adoption in that area. Local authorities will attempt to match prospective parents with a child.  When a match is made and the parents inform the local authorities to that affect, local authorities will schedule "Solemn Ceremony of Adoption (usually within few days).  




We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 








Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.



International Adoption from Montenegro (US Embassy in Montenegro) 

Intercultural Adoption - Montenegro (Passports USA)

Montenegro Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

Montenegro (Wikipedia)

Montenegro (CIA Factbook)

Montenegro (Info Please)  

FRUA INC Facebook Page


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)


 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and





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