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Interesting Facts about poland
  • The official name of Poland is "Rzeczpospolita Polska". In English it is the Republic of Poland. 
  • History. Many different tribes lived in the area that is now Poland, including the Celts, Balts, Scythians, Huns, Goths, and Germanic peoples.  It is believed that several different Slavic tribes settled the area in the 6th or 7th century.  By the mid-10th century, the Polania tribe became dominant.  Legends say that the chief, Piast, united the groups into one nation, naming it Polska. This region became Wielkopolska, or Greater Poland. In 966 CE Duke Mieszko I became Poland's first recorded leader, and thus began the birth of the Polish nation.
  • Geography. Poland is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; UkraineBelarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north. 
  • World War II. On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland and this was one of the main things that started World War II
  • Poland's name. "Polska", may be derived from the word "Polanie" or "people of the fields," the name of tribe that used to inhabit the area around Grodno and Poznań where the Polish state first arose. 
  • Tolerance.  Poland has been seen by many as a "pioneer of tolerance". This may stem from the fact that there is not a history in this country of wars provoked by Religion. 
  • Language.  The Polish language is a Western Slavonic language. The deaf communities in Poland use Polish Sign Language. In the country 97.9% of the people speak Polish. Other languages include: German 0.4%, Belarussian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, Lithuanian, Russian, and Kashubian. There are also many local dialects and slangs (e.g. highlander, Silesian, Pomeranian, etc.). 
  • Polish cuisine is rich in meat (especially sausage, pork, chicken, and beef), sauerkraut, cucumbers, sour cream, mushrooms, winter vegetables, spices, soups and pasta. Meals are hearty and the preparation of traditional dishes can be time-intensive.  Holiday meals can take several days to prepare.  in their entirety. Different regions of the country have their own traditions and flavors. 

  • Krakow is one of the most culturally and politically significant cities in Poland. Both the Historic City Centre and the Jewish District are brimming with cafés, shops, and pubs, and there is a 10-acre Main Market Square.

  • Warsaw is the capital of Poland. It is very green and the Vistula, Europe's "wildest" river, flows through the center of the city. Warsaw boasts the tallest four-faced clock tower in the world. 
  • Government.  Poland is a Parliamentary republic. It has a President and a Prime Minister.
  • Football (soccer) is Poland's most popular sport. In the early 1980s the Polish national football team achieved their best results in any FIFA World Cup competitions finishing 3rd place in 1974 and 1982. The team won a gold medal at the 1972 Summer Olympics and two silvers in 1976 and 1992. Poland, along with Ukraine, hosted the UEFA European Football Championship in 2012.




Statistics for Poland


38,383,809 (July 2013 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 76.45 years 
male: 72.53 years 
female: 80.62 years (2013 est.)


Total fertility rate:

1.32 children born/woman (2013 est.)




Roman Catholic 89.8% [about 75% practicing]

Eastern Orthodox 1.3%

Protestant 0.3%

other 0.3%

unspecified 8.3% (2002) 

The religious population consists mainly of Eastern Orthodox (about 506 000), Jehovah's Witnesses (about 220 000) and various Protestant (about 159 000, with about 76 000 in the largest Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland) religious minorities.


Ethnic groups

Polish 96.7%

German 0.4%

Belarusian 0.1%

Ukrainian 0.1%

other and unspecified 2.7% (2002 census)


GDP - per capita (PPP):

$20,900 (2012 est.) 


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 99.7% 
male: 99.9% 
female: 99.6% (2011 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 15 years 
male: 15 years 
female: 16 years (2010)





Adoption Facts about poland




Poland is moving towards a foster home system of caring for abandoned children. Children have been coming to the USA from Poland since 1991 with numbers in the double, and triple digits through the present time.  The high was 114 adoptions in 2002





Inter-Country Adoption of Children in Poland



Poland is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, therefore children from Poland must meet the requirements of the Convention in addition to the requirements of the Polish Government in order to be eligible for adoption. The program is currently active and referrals are being made.

Number of children placed in the US 2012:  35

Approximate Cost:  $28,000- 32,000 (includes travel) (2013)

Travel required: Poland requires two trips, both parents must see child before adoption. Both pParents meet child on first trip, which is 3 to 5 days in length. The second trip is for the bonding period and court hearing, and is 7-20 days long. Both parents are required to be in the country for the court date. After the court hearing, at least one parent is required to stay for 2-3 weeks.

Hague Convention Country?: Yes

Siblings: Yes. Sibling groups cannot be separated.

Ethnicity of Children:  Caucasian

Gender of Children: Girls and boys; can request gender.

Age of Children: Youngest possible age at second trip would be 12 months old.

Prior Children in Family:  Preference seems to be given to childless couples. Families with more than children have had difficulty being approved.

Age of Parents: Parents may not be over 44 years old if they wish to adopt a child under four years old. There are no formal, legal restrictions on the perspective parents’ ages, but in practice, prospective adoptive parents must be at least 25 years and may be up to 40 (for the mother) or 45 (for the father) years older than the child.

Singles accepted: Single females are permitted to adopt.

Timeline: 3-10 months between dossier submission until referral. About 3 weeks between referral and first trip.  About 3-4 months between first and second trip.

Other: Preference is given to applicants of Polish descent or with other connections to Polish heritage and culture. Adoption is open to Non-Catholics and Post Adoption

Post Adoption: Reports are required after the adoption is complete. Poland requires 3 post-adoption reports at 2 weeks, 3 months and 1 year after the adoption is finalized.


We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the Polish government and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, the Joint Council on International Services suggests that families in this situation contact them for guidance.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 




Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.


FRUA INC Poland Chat 

Poland Adoptive Family Support Group

Polish Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

Poland Adoption.com

25 Factors When Adopting from Poland

Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform) 

Poland (Wikipedia)

Poland (CIA Factbook)

Poland (Info Please) 

US Embassy in Poland

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval


 There are also other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from Bulgaria on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and Adoption.com



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