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Interesting Facts about Romania
  • The official name of the country is România.
  • Bucharest. The capital of Romania is Bucharest, once known as the ‘Little Paris of the East’, located in the southeastern part of the country on the Danube River.
  • Terrain: Romania consists mainly of rolling, fertile plains; hilly in the eastern regions of the middle Danube basin; and major mountain ranges running north and west in the center of the country, which collectively are known as the Carpathians.
  • Climate: Romania has a moderate (temperate) climate, similar to the northeastern USA, with four distinct seasons. There are distinct regional differences in climate depending upon where one is in the country.
  • Geography. Romania roughly occupies ancient Dacia, a Roman province in the 2nd and 3rd century. There was a period of Mongol rule in the 13th century. The area then developed into Moldavia and Walachia (Ottoman Empire) and Transylvania (Hungarian dependency). Moldavia and Wallachia merged in 1859, to form a united Romania.
  • Size. Romania is about the size of Oregon and covers a total area of 237,500 sq. km.
  • Language. Apart from the official Romanian language, Hungarian and German form two other major languages of Romania. Romanian is a Romance language, belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family, having much in common with languages such as FrenchItalianSpanish and Portuguese 
  • Alphabet. The alphabet is a modification of the classical Latin alphabet and consists of 31 letters.
  • Government. Romania has a Republic type of government. The government forms one half of the country's executive branch (the other half being the President). It is headed by the Prime-Minister, and consists of the Ministries, various subordinated institutions and agencies, and the 42 Prefectures. The seat of the Romanian Government is at Victoria Palace in Bucharest.
  • Currency.  The currency of Romania is Romanian ‘leu’ (RON).
  • Romania's Danube Delta is a World Heritage site and is the second largest delta in the whole of Europe.
  • World War II.  More than half of Romania's Jewish population died in the Second World War.
  • Baia Mare Gold Mine Cyanide Spill: In the year 2000, 100 tons of cyanide, from a gold mine in northern Romania, spilled into rivers in Romania, Hungary and Yugoslavia and destroyed aquatic life for several hundred kilometers.
  • Dracula.  Irish author Bram Stoker based his horror novel ‘Dracula’ on the fifteenth century Wallachian Prince, Vlad Tepes, also called Vlad Dracu. Vlad was called "the Impailer" because he  impailed his victims on stakes and displayed them publicly to frighten his enemies. He killed between 40,000 to 100,000 people in this fashion. The Bran Castle, associated with Vlad Dracul, still lies in Romania and forms its most popular tourist attraction.



Statistics for Romania



21,790,479 (July 2013 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 74.45 years 
male: 70.99 years 
female: 78.13 years (2013 est.)


Total fertility rate:

1.31 children born/woman (2013 est.)




Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%

Protestant (various denominations including Reformed Protestant, Baptist, and Pentecostal ) 7.5%

Roman Catholic 1.7%

Greek Catholic (Uniate) 1 to 3%

other and unspecified 0.7%

Muslim 0.2%

Jewish less than 0.1%

none 0.1% (2002 census)


Ethnic groups:

Romanian 89.5%

Hungarian 6.6%

Roma 2.5%

Ukrainian 0.3%

German 0.3%

Russian 0.2%

Turkish 0.2%

other 0.4% (2002 census)


GDP - per capita (PPP):

$12,200 (2008 est.)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 97.7% 
male: 98.3% 
female: 97.1% (2011 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)


total: 14 years 
14 years 
15 years (2010)




Inter-country adoption of children from Romania


This program has severe limitations


Note: In 2001, Romania placed a moratorium on international adoptions, and officially banned the practice four years later, citing widespread corruption in adoption practices across borders. Romanian Office for Adoptions announced that its new adoption law went into effect on April 7, 2012 that allows for intercountry adoptions of Romanian children by relatives of the fourth degree of kinship, the spouse of the child’s natural parent, and Romanian citizens who are habitually resident abroad. 


The Romania adoption program is very small, and a program that is open ONLY to couples and single women who hold both US and Romanian citizenship. At this time there are no exceptions to this requirement. 

Age of Children Available : Only children 3 years and older and sibling groups are referred for adoption.

Program Proceedure: These children are on a database with the Romanian Office of Adoptions. There are no "waiting children" in this program. The Romanian Office of Adoptions makes a match between prospective adoptive families and the children within their database. Families wishing to adopt through this program must complete all paperwork within the USA, and wait for the referral of a child.
Parent Qualifications: Romania requires families wishing to adopt to hold both Romanian citizenship and US Citizenship. There is flexibility in in the age of parents and the number of children currently being parented in the home. Single women and couples (only one must hold dual citizenship) may adopt. 
Travel: Both parents must travel and stay in Romania for a minimum of 30 days and appear in court. During the 30 days of placement of the child with the adoptive family in Romania, social workers from the local social services will visit and make reports for the court. A final decision will be issued after approximately 10 days to 2 weeks. At that time, the family could go home and come back in approximately 2 weeks, or stay until the paperwork (including new birth certificate, passport for the child and US Embassy appointment for the Visa is finished. Total of 60 days needed for the entire process 
Timeline: Unknown at this time.







The split up of the Soviet Bloc contributed to the sudden adoption surge from Romania during the first half of 1991, following the overthrow of President Nicolae Ceausescu. The government had been instituting policies aimed at increasing the population but extreme poverty led many families to abandon their children. American television broadcasted children wallowing in terrible conditions in Romanian institutions, which led many to adopt. In June of 2001 the Romanian government put a moratorium on international adoptions after negative press, and officially banned it four years later.


As of 2012 there are about 49,484 institutionalized children in 940 orphanages according to the Romanian National Institute of Statistics.  More than half are boys, and about 1/3 are under the age of 11 years.  Another 30,000 live in foster homes.  It has been said by many in the field that there are tens of thousands more children living on the street who are not being counted.  The adoption laws are complex, which has led to few being adopted in country.


We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the Romanian government and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, the Joint Council on International Services suggests that families in this situation contact them for guidance.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 





Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.


FRUA INC Romania & Bulgaria Chat 

Romania Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform) 

Romania (Wikipedia)

Romania (CIA Factbook)

Romania (Info Please) 

Facts About Romania

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval


 There are also other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from Bulgaria on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and


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