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some interesting Facts about serbia


Serbia is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe.  




Statistics for serbia


note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2014 est.)


 Life expectancy at birth:


total population: 75.02 years 
male: 72.17 years 
female: 78.07 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:


1.42 children born/woman (2014 est.)


Serbian Orthodox 84.6%

Catholic 5%

Muslim 3.1%

Protestant 1%

atheist 1.1%

other 0.8%

undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)


Ethnic Groups

Serb 83.3%

Hungarian 3.5%

Romany 2.1%

Bosniak 2%

other 5.7%

undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)



GDP - per capita (PPP):


$11,100 (2013 est.)  


definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 98% 
male: 99.2% 
female: 96.9% (2011 est.)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)



total: 14 years 
male: 13 years 
female: 14 years (2012)






  • The official name of the country is Република Србија, (Republika Srbija), translated as the Republic of Serbia.
  • Geography.  Siberia covers the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. Serbia is landlocked. It borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Macedonia to the south; and Croatia, Bosnia, and Montenegroto the west. One third of the country consists of the Pannonian, as well as the Wallachian Plain in the eastern tip of the country.  The central part of the country contains many hills and riverw.  The southern part of Serbia has many mountains.   

  • Capital.  The capital of Serbia is Belgrade.  It is one of the largest cities in Southeast Europe.  One of the oldest cities in Europe, Belgrade is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube Rivers.  Street names can be confusing in the city, as many were re-named during Soviet rule, and now have their pre-1945 names back again.  In its long and tumultuous history, the city itself has often changed its names.  It has been called Singedon, Nandor, Fehervar, Nandor Alba, Alba Graeca, Grieschisch Weisenburg, Alba Bulgarica, Taurunum.  It is the city about which the greatest number of battles had been waged, but also the city with the greatest number of symbolic names: The Hill of Battle and Glory, the Hill for Meditation, the House of Wars, the Egypt of Rumelia, the House of Freedom, the Gateway of the East, and the Gate of the West.
  • History.  Approximately 8,500 years ago NeolithicStarčevo, and Vinča people inhabited the area.  Over the centuries the area was invaded and inhabited by Thracians, Dacians, Illyrians, Ancient Greeks, Celtic tribes of Scordisci, Eastern and Western Romans, Hungarians, Francs, Avars, Bulgarians, Austrians, Venicians, Byzantines, Gepidae, Sarmatians, Eastern Goths, Slavs, Habsburgs, Ottomans, and Germans. The Serbian Revolution for independence from the Ottoman Empire lasted eleven years, from 1804 until 1815.  Serbia was one of the first nations in the Balkans to abolish feudalism.  Yugoslavia (including Serbia) was formed and reformed from World War I until it began to break up in 1989.  In 1992 Serbia and Montenegro formed a third Yugoslavia, but Montenegro left the union in 2006. Long-standing hositlities with Kosovo continue.   
  • Etymology.  The name Serbia is from the Greek, "Σέρβια", meaning land of the Serbs. The origin of the name Serbs is unknown. Many authorities believe it is from the Old Slavic root "serb-", meaning the same.  Another theory is that it is from the Indo-European root "ser-, meaning to watch over or protect.  Some believe that the name is of Sarmatian/Iranian origin of an unknown word.  Another theory is that name comes from the word "sebar" meaning peasant. It could be from the Latin "Servi”, meaing slaves, from the time when the Romans conquered the area.
  • Danube.  Almost all of Serbia's rivers drain into the Danube and then into the Black Sea. The Danube passes through Siberia and is the country's largest source of water.  It is the second largest river in Europe.  
  • Fauna.  Serbia has wolves, lynx, bears, foxes, deer, rabbits, wild boar, sheep, and about 380 species of birds (imperial eagle, great bustard, corn crake, white-head vulture, and Madagascar pochard).  Mount Tara is one of the last regions in Europe where bears still live in the wild.
  • Language.  The official language is Serbian, a member of the South Slavic language group. Both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets are used. Minority languages include Hungarian, Slovak, Albanian,Romanian, Bulgarian, Rusyn, Bosnian and Croatian. All these languages are in official use in municipalities or cities where the ethnic minority exceeds 15% of the total population.
  • Food.  Food, especially bread, is a very important part of the Serbian social life, especially during religious holidays and feast days.  The cuisine is influenced by Balkan, Medeterranean, Turkish and Central European cooking.  It mainly consists of bread, meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. A traditional Serbian welcome is to offer bread and salt to guests. Serbian specialties include grilled ćevapčići (caseless sausages made of minced meat), pljeskavica, sarma, kajmak (a dairy product similar to clotted cream), gibanica (cheese and kajmak pie), proja (cornbread), and kačamak (corn-flour porridge). Serbians claim that rakia (a type of brandy) was invented in their country.
  • Sports.  The most popular sport in Serbia is football (soccer).  They also play lots of basketball, tennis, volleyball, water polo and handball. Milorad Čavić was a world champion and Olympic medalist swimmer. In 2008 he made history wining a silver medal in the olympics racing 100 meters butterfly against American swimmer Michael Phelps.
  • Kalemegdan. About 115 battles have been fought over the Kalemegdan Citadel.  It has been destroyed more than 40 times. The first time it was built was during the time of the Scordisci.  For centuries the Belgrade population lived within its walls.  Now the area has many cafes, museums, galleries, churches, parks, sports areas, and an observatory.













Serbia places a priority on domestic adoption. Generally, only children with special needs are available for intercountry adoption.



  • Hague Accredited: Yes
  • Age of Adopting Parents:  Prospective adoptive parents must be at least 18 years older and no more than 45 years older than the child.
  • Marriage:  If there are two prospective adoptive parents, they must be married. A common-law marriage can qualify. Single prospective adoptive parents are also eligible to adopt a child in Serbia with special approval from the Central Authority. Although Serbian family law does not explicitly prohibit LGBT individuals from adopting, the Central Authority has in the past not placed children with an LGBT prospective adoptive parent or couple.
  • Health:  Prospective adoptive parents who have been diagnosed with a mental disorder or infectious disease are disqualified from adopting. Prospective adoptive parents with other serious health conditions must demonstrate to the Central Authority their ability to raise the child. Persons who have been convicted of serious crimes are ineligible to adopt.
  • Timeline:  A foreign citizen may adopt a child in Serbia only after the child has been registered for adoption for at least one year and no domestic adopters (i.e., Serbian citizens) have been found.  The length of the adoption process varies greatly. Once consular officers issue the “Article 5” letter and prospective adoptive parents travel to Serbia, the process is generally finished within three weeks.
  • Post-Adoption/Post-Placement Reporting Requirements:  Serbia requires post-adoption reporting but does not specify the frequency or format of the reporting. The Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Policy has indicated that they are particularly interested in reports on the child’s medical, educational, and developmental situation and that they prefer to receive reports two times per year.




We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  




If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.




In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 









Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.



Serbian Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)

Serbian Adoption Community (Bethany)

Serbian Adoption Blogspot

International Adoption from Serbia

Embassy of the Republic of Serbia - Adoption

Serbia (Wikipedia)

Serbia (CIA Factbook)

Serbia (Info Please)  

FRUA INC Facebook Page




Karen's Adoption Links


InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search


International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians


Child Welfare Gateway


North American Council on Adoptable Children


Hague Accreditation and Approval


Post Adoption (US Department of State)


Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)


PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)




 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and



 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forukms related to adoption from Serbia on Yahoo Groups, Facebook, the EEAC, Adoptive Familes, Adoption Services Support Groups, and






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