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Interesting Facts about slovakia
  • The official name of Slovakia is Slovenská republika, translated as the Slovak Republic.
  • Etymology.  The name Slovak came from a shortening of Proto-Slavic *slověninъ ‎(Slav) + -ák.  It came from old Slavic word  "slovo" meaning "the word" and also "a man." Sloven (or Slovan) was literally a man, whose words you could understand. In contrast, the man, that couldn't be understood was called "Nemec" - the mute one. And this is still the word for Germans in (I believe) all Slavic languages. 

  • The difference between Slavs, Slavonia Slovakia, Slovenia. Slovakia is the country officially known as the Slovak Republic. Slovenia is a nation-state that was part of the former Yugoslavia. They are both Slavic nations, and this is what the name implies. But Slovaks are part of West Slavic group (that includes Czechs, Poles and Luzatian Serbs, among others), while Slovenes belong into South Slavic group (with all the nations from former Yugoslavia and Bulgarians). Slavonia is not a nation-state but a province of modern day Croatia, also part of the former Yugoslavia. Slovenia and Slavonia, unlike Slovakia, are part of the Balkans and have experienced violence and atrocities related to the recent wars in this region. What they share in common is a Slavic heritage that has also brought similarities in spelling as these various names attest.
  • Why did Slovakia secede from Czechoslovakia?  The leaders of Slovakia felt that the Czech and Slovak Federation did not provide for adequate autonomy and wasn't the best way for the Slovak people to develop culturally and economically. The secession of Slovakia from the Czech and Slovak Federation was peaceful, and so it is referred to as the "Velvet Divorce.

  • History.  Ancient tools have been found at Nové Mesto nad Váhom that have been dated from 270,000 BC, in the Early Paleolithic era.  Until 1993 the Slovaks have always been the subjects of stronger peoples, such as the Nazis, Czechs, Magyars, and the Habsburg Empire.  However, as a people, they have a history of more than 1500 years.

  • Fungi. Over 4000 species of fungi have been recorded from Slovaki
  • The High Tatras are a mountain range along the border of northern Slovakia in the Prešov Region, and southern Poland.  There are peaks, glacial valleys, mountain lakes, alpine villages, tourist centers, and historical sites. This National Park has beautiful hiking, many day trips.
  • Gabcikovo Dam. This project was started in 1977 under a treaty between Hungary and the former Czechoslovakia. The goal was hydro-electric energy. In 1989, Hungary suspended work on their portion of the project citing ecological concerns. Iin 1993 the International Court of Justice, a United Nations organ, was called in to arbitrate.
  • Folk arts. Wood carving, ceramics, fabric weaving, and glass painting, have a long and popular tradition in Slovakia. Examples of folk architecture, such as wooden churches and brightly painted houses, are found throughout the country, particularly in the Ukrainian communities of Eastern Slovakia.
  • Fujara.  This overtone bass flute is a unique instrument of Slovakia.  It is a five foot long wooden flute that plays a thunderous drone.  It was traditionally played by Slovakian shepherds.
  • Romany.  2-7.5% of the population of Slovakia is Romany (Gypsy). They live mostly in the eastern part of the country. Also the Slovaks have the highest percentage of Gypsy genes of all non-Gypsy populations in Europe. As much as 2.5% of Eastern Slovak male lineages belong to the distinctive Romani haplogroup H1a (as opposed to under 1% of the Romanians).
  • Andy Warhol.  The most famous American of Slovak descent is probably pop artist Andy Warhol (1928-1987), whose parents immigrated from Miková in north-eastern Slovakia.
  • Sports.  Ice hockey, skiing, football, volleyball, tennis are popular sports in Slovakia.
  • Food.  Slovak cuisine varies from region to region. Generally they say it is "Bryndzove halusky" (a little bit of everything),  Common ingredients include wheat flour, cow and sheep cheese, vegetables (potatoes, beans, corn, lentils, cabbage, onions and garlic), fruit (apple, pear, peach, apricot, cherry, plum, grape, orange, kiwi, grapefruit, banana), meat (pork, beef, chicken, fish). Rice is imported and widely used in the modern kitchen. Bread is very important and most people eat it for the breakfast and dinner. The bread differs from region to region.  Some traditional dishes include bryndzove halusky (potato and cheese dumpling), Treska (codfish salad).






Statistics for slovakia



About 5,443,583 (2014 est.)


Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 76.69 years 
male: 73.09 years 
female: 80.52 years (2014 est.)


Total fertility rate:


1.39 children born/woman (2014 est.)


Slovak 80.7%

Hungarian 8.5%

Roma 2%

other and unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)



Roman Catholic 62%

Protestant 8.2%

Greek Catholic 3.8%

other or unspecified 12.5%

none 13.4% (2011 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP):


 $24,700  (2013 est.) 


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6% 
male: 99.7% 
female: 99.6% (2004)


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):


total: 12 years 
male: 12 years 
female: 12 years (2012)





Adoption Facts about Slovakia



 Adoptions from Slovakia are rare; fewer than five adoptions by U.S. citizen parents have taken place since 2006.  U.S. citizens interested in adopting children from Slovakia should contact the Central Authority of Slovakia to inquire about applicable laws and procedures.  U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Slovakia who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should also contact Slovakia’s Central Authority. 






INTER-COUNTRY Adoption PROGRAM in slovakia 


Hague Convention country: Yes


Timeline: Unknown.  Inter-country adoptions are very rare.



We strongly urge you to comply with the requirements established by the government of the country you are adopting from and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.  Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process and/or provide you with more specific guidelines.  


If your agency is unable to help you with this, or no longer has an active program, it is suggested that you enlist the assistance of another agency that is able to help you complete the post-placement reports.  If all else fails, filing the report directly with the embassy or Minister of Education of the country adopted from may be acceptable.


In Fall 2006, the following advice was obtained by Karen's Adopiton Links for all families who needed to file their own Post Placement Reports:

  1. Use a Licensed Social Worker to do the Post Placement Report 
  2. Translate report with a Certified Translator. 
  3. Get the Post Placement Report apostilled.
  4. Include 5 pictures
  5. Suggested Sample form 
  6. Send directly by DHL or FedEx to the Minister of Education in the country or region of adoption. 

click here for more Information on Post-Placement Reports in general 






Helpful Links


Resources below are presented for information purposes only. Unless noted specifically as a FRUA INC group, FRUA INC does not endorse, nor have any connection with the following.


Slovakia Adoptions (U.S. Department of State)


Inter-Country Adoption (Slovak Spectator)

Center for International Legal Protection of Children and Youth, Slovakia 

Adoption of Children from the Slovak Republic

Slovakia (Wkipedia)

Slovakia (Info Please) 

Adoption Issues (Embassy of the United States in Bratslavia) 

Officiai Slovakia Website

FRUA INC Facebook Page


Karen's Adoption Links

InterCountry Adoption Service Provider Search

International Adoptive Medical Clinics & Physicians

Child Welfare Gateway

North American Council on Adoptable Children

Hague Accreditation and Approval

Post Adoption (US Department of State)

Intercountry Adoption (US Department of State)

PEAR (Parents for Ethical Adoption Reform)


 There may also be other online parent support groups, lists and forums related to adoption from this country on Yahoo GroupsFacebook, the EEACAdoptive FamilesAdoption Services Support Groups, and






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