some FRUA inc member rECOMMENDED attachment issues RESOURCES


We've begun this page as a place to suggest resources that have been found useful by FRUA INC members.  This is just a sampling of the resources available to FRUA INC members.



More complete resources will be available through regular Focus Directories associated with the current FRUA Educational Focus. These will be available to members as a free membership benefit.  Consider becoming a member today to access these valuable resources. 




This section is meant to include resources related to adoption and attachment.


Please note that FRUA is not advocating any treatment modality nor any specific organization.  It is well known that the term "Attachment Therapy" is particularly frought with controversy and emotion. It is a term that has been used to cover a range of treatment theories related to Attachment Disorders and related (sometimes loosely) to the original techniques of Foster Cline.  The history of "Attachment Therapy", as originally practiced in Evergreen, Colorado, included such techniques as "rage reduction", "compression therapy", and "coercive restraint".  It has been described as a "potentially abusive intervention that has resulted in tragic outcomes for children". In April 2007 ATTACh, an organization originally set up by attachment therapists, formally adopted a "White Paper" stating its "unequivocal opposition to the use of coercive practices in therapy and parenting". 


Families that are dealing with attachment issues MUST research the issues of attachment in adoption for themselves, share information and networking with one anre other, and make their own informed conclusions. The resources listed below are intended to provide a starting point in this journey towards attachment.


None of these resources are intended as any kind of substitute for professional assessment and therapy.  It is important to seek the services of a therapist with expertise in the areas of international adoption and attachment issues.  




Here are some lists of Attachment in Adoption Resources:


attachment online Resources:  
Articles related to attachment issues:



  • Attaching in Adoption: Practical Tools for Today’s Parents by Deborah D. Gray
  • Attaching with Love, Hugs, and Play by Deborah D. Gray
  • Nurturing Adoptions: Creating Resilience after Neglect and Trauma by Deborah D. Gray


If you have suggestions for this list, contact the Education Chair, at











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